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Conceptual DFT analysis of the regioselectivity of 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions: nitrones as a case of study

  • Ramón Alain Miranda-Quintana
  • Marco Martínez González
  • David Hernández-Castillo
  • Luis A. Montero-Cabrera
  • Paul W. Ayers
  • Christophe MorellEmail author
Original Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Festschrift in Honor of Henry Chermette

Abstract

The regioselectivity of the 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of a model nitrone with a set of dipolarophiles, presenting diverse electronic effects, is analyzed using conceptual density functional theory (DFT) methods. We deviate from standard approaches based on frontier molecular orbitals and formulations of the local hard/soft acid/base principle and use instead the dual descriptor. A detailed analysis is carried out to determine the influence of the way to calculate the dual descriptor, the computational procedure, basis set and choice of method to condensate the values of this descriptor. We show that the qualitative regioselectivity predictions depend on the choice of “computational conditions”, something that indicates the danger of using black-box computational set-ups in conceptual DFT studies.

Keywords

Conceptual DFT Dual Descriptor Dipolar Cyclo-Addition 

Notes

Acknowledgements

RAMQ, MMG, DHG and LAMC thank the support of the “Programa Nacional de Ciencias Básicas” of Cuba. RAMQ acknowledges support from Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada in the form of an Emerging Leaders in the Americas Program scholarship. PWA acknowledges support from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and Compute Canada. Discussions with Darío González Abradelo are gratefully acknowledged. Finally, we want to acknowledge the impact and inspiration provided by Prof. Henry Chermette, both by means of his direct mentorship, and through his seminal contributions to conceptual DFT.

Supplementary material

894_2017_3382_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.5 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 3557 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramón Alain Miranda-Quintana
    • 1
    • 2
  • Marco Martínez González
    • 1
  • David Hernández-Castillo
    • 1
  • Luis A. Montero-Cabrera
    • 1
  • Paul W. Ayers
    • 2
  • Christophe Morell
    • 3
    Email author return OK on get
  1. 1.Laboratory of Computational and Theoretical Chemistry, Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of HavanaHavanaCuba
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry & Chemical BiologyMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.Univ Lyon, CNRS, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Ens de Lyon, Institut des Sciences Analytiques, UMR 5280VilleurbanneFrance

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