International Journal on Digital Libraries

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 49–61 | Cite as

A sharing-oriented design strategy for networked knowledge organization systems

  • Ryan ShawEmail author
  • Adam Rabinowitz
  • Patrick Golden
  • Eric Kansa


Designers of networked knowledge organization systems often follow a service-oriented design strategy, assuming an organizational model where one party outsources clearly delineated business processes to another party. But the logic of outsourcing is a poor fit for some knowledge organization practices. When knowledge organization is understood as a process of exchange among peers, a sharing-oriented design strategy makes more sense. As an example of a sharing-oriented strategy for designing networked knowledge organization systems, we describe the design of the PeriodO period gazetteer. We analyze the PeriodO data model, its representation using JavaScript Object Notation-Linked Data, and the management of changes to the PeriodO dataset. We conclude by discussing why a sharing-oriented design strategy is appropriate for organizing scholarly knowledge.


NKOS Periodization Service-oriented architecture  Semantic web JSON-LD 



We are grateful to the National Endowment for the Humanities for funding this work, to our partners who contributed period definitions and provided feedback, and to Sarah Buchanan for her work compiling the initial PeriodO dataset.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan Shaw
    • 1
    Email author
  • Adam Rabinowitz
    • 2
  • Patrick Golden
    • 1
  • Eric Kansa
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Information and Library ScienceThe University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  2. 2.Department of ClassicsThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  3. 3.Open ContextUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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