International Journal on Digital Libraries

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 23–38

Alignment of conceptual structures in controlled vocabularies in the domain of Chinese art: a discussion of issues and patterns


DOI: 10.1007/s00799-015-0163-1

Cite this article as:
Chen, S., Zeng, M.L. & Chen, H. Int J Digit Libr (2016) 17: 23. doi:10.1007/s00799-015-0163-1


In any effort that involves multilingual KOS, the language and cultural variants bring a great degree of complexity, especially when perspectives of different cultures need to be integrated. This paper attempts to explore, within the domain of Chinese art, the interoperability of multilingual/multi-cultural vocabularies by analyzing the issues of aligning the conceptual structures of Chinese and English terminology in the controlled vocabularies observed in our Chinese AAT-Taiwan Project (2010-present). The paper addresses the issues related to the conceptual structures of the concepts for Chinese art in the National Palace Museum (NPM) Vocabulary and Art & Architecture Thesaurus (AAT). The paper presents four patterns found in the effort of achieving semantic interoperability and shares a set of models that have been used to handle various situations. The findings help the understanding of the semantic interoperability of multilingual KOS, especially when dealing with cultural-related concepts that cannot be exactly aligned in vocabularies due to discrepancies in the conceptual structures.


Controlled vocabularies Knowledge organization Semantic mapping Multilingual terminology 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shu-jiun Chen
    • 1
  • Marcia Lei Zeng
    • 2
  • Hsueh-hua Chen
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Taiwan History, Academia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.School of Library and Information ScienceKent State UniversityKentUSA
  3. 3.Department of Library and Information ScienceNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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