Advertisement

International Journal on Digital Libraries

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 41–56 | Cite as

A data model for digital libraries

  • Carlo Meghini
  • Nicolas Spyratos
  • Jitao Yang
Article

Abstract

We present a data model for digital libraries supporting identification, description, and discovery of digital objects. The model is formalized as a first-order theory, certain models of which correspond to the intuitive and practical notion of digital library. We use the model as a yardstick to assess the adequacy of the World Wide Web as a digital library and show why, in its present form, the Web is far from fulfilling this objective, while the Semantic Web does better in that respect.

Keywords

Foundation of digital libraries Logic Digital object Content Description 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
  2. 2.
    Greenstone digital library software. http://www.greenstone.org/
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Adida, B., Birbeck, M.: RDFa Primer. W3C Working Group Note, WWW Consortium, October 2008. http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-rdfa-primer/
  5. 5.
    Baader, F., Calvanese, D., McGuinness, D.L., Nardi, D., Patel-Schneider, P.F. (eds.): The Description Logic Handbook: Theory, Implementation, and Applications, 2nd edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bekaert, J., Hochstenbach, P., Van de Sompel, H.: Using MPEG-21 DIDL to represent complex digital objects in the Los Alamos National Laboratory digital library. D-Lib Mag. 9(11) (2003)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., Irvine, U.C., Masinter, L.: Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax. RFC 2396, The Internet Engineering Task Force, Network Working Group, August 1998. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2396.txt
  8. 8.
    Candela, L., Castelli, Donatella, Ferro, N., Koutrika, G., Meghini, C., Ioannidis, Y., Pagano, P., Ross, S., Soergel, D., Agosti, M., Dobreva, M., Katifori, V., Schuldt, H.: The DELOS Digital Library Reference Model—Foundations for Digital Libraries. DELOS Network of Excellence on Digital Libraries, 2007. ISBN 2-912337-37-XGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Candela, L., Castelli, D., Ioannidis, Y., Koutrika, G., Pagano, P., Ross, S., Schek, H.-J., Schuldt, H.: Setting the foundations of digital libraries the DELOS Manifesto. D-Lib Mag. 13(3/4), March/April (2007)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Castagna G.: Covariance and contravariance: conflict without a cause. ACM Trans. Program. Lang. Syst. 17(3), 431–447 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Van de Sompel H., Bekaert J., Liu X., Balakireva L., Schwander T.: aDORe: a modular, standards-based digital object repository. Comput. J. 48(5), 514–535 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Doerr M.: The CIDOC conceptual reference model: an ontological approach to semantic interoperability of metadata. AI Mag. 24(3), 75–92 (2003)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Goncalves M.A., Fox E.A., Watson L.T., Kipp N.A.: Streams, structures, spaces, scenarios, societies (5s): a formal model for digital libraries. ACM Trans. Inf. Syst. 22(2), 270–312 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hayes, P.: RDF Semantics. W3C Recommendation, WWW Consortium, February 2004. http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-mt/
  15. 15.
    Dublin Core Metadata Initiative: Dublin Core metadata initiative Dublin Core metadata element set, version 1.1, Jan 2008. http://dublincore.org/documents/dces/
  16. 16.
    Jacobs, I., Walsh, N.: Architecture of the World Wide Web, vol. 1. W3C Recommendation, WWW Consortium, December 2004. http://www.w3.org/TR/webarch
  17. 17.
    Lagoze, C., Van de Sompel, H. (eds.): ORE specification—abstract data model. Technical report, Open Archives Initiative. Object Reuse and Exchange, October 2008. http://www.openarhives.org/ore/1.0/datamodel
  18. 18.
    Lagoze, C, Van de Sompel, H. (eds.): ORE user guide—Primer. Technical report, Open Archives Initiative. Object Reuse and Exchange, July 2008. http://www.openarchives.org/ore/0.9/primer.html
  19. 19.
    Lagoze C., Payette S., Shin E., Wilper C.: Fedora: an architecture for complex objects and their relationships. Int. J. Digit. Libr. 6, 124–138 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lloyd J.W.: Foundations of Logic Programming. Springer Verlag, New York (1987)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Manola, F., Miller, E.: RDF Primer. W3C Recommendation, WWW Consortium, February 2004. http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/
  22. 22.
    Meghini C., Doerr M., Spyratos N.: Managing co-reference knowledge for data integration. In: Kiyoki, Y., Tokuda, T., Jaakkola, H., Chen, X., Yoshida, N. (eds) Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XX, vol. 190. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, IOS Press, Amsterdam (2009)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Meghini C., Sebastiani F., Straccia U.: A model of multimedia information retrieval. J. ACM 48(5), 909–970 (2001)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Meghini, C., Spyratos, N.: Modelling the web. In: Invited talk at the Fourth Franco-Japanese Workshop ISIP: Information Search, Integration and Personalization, Paris, France, 6–8 October 2008. http://tao.lri.fr/tiki-index.php?page=Third+Franco-Japanese+Workshop
  25. 25.
    Meghini, C., Spyratos, N.: Rationale and some principles for a vldl data model. In Invited talk at the Very Large Digital Libraries (VLDL 2008) Workshop, held in conjunction with ECDL2008, the 12th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries, Aarhus (Denmark), September (2008)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Meghini, C., Spyratos, N., Yang, J.: A data model for digital libraries. In: Invited talk at the Max Planck eScience Seminar on Repository Systems, Garching, Germany, June (2009)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Smith, M., Barton, M., Bass, M., Branschofsky, M., McClellan, G., Stuve, D., Tansley, R., Walker, J.H.: D-Space an open source dynamic digital repository. D-Lib Mag. 9(1) (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istituto della Scienza e delle Tecnologie della InformazioneConsiglio Nazionale delle RicerchePisaItaly
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Recherche en InformatiqueUniversité Paris-SudOrsayFrance

Personalised recommendations