A stress protein is induced in the deep-sea barophilic hyperthermophile Thermococcus barophilus when grown under atmospheric pressure
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The whole-cell protein inventory of the deep-sea barophilic hyperthermophile Thermococcus barophilus was examined by one-dimensional SDS gradient gel electrophoresis when grown under different pressure conditions at 85°C (Topt). One protein (P60) with a molecular mass of approximately 60 kDa was prominent at low pressures (0.3 MPa hydrostatic pressure and 0.1 MPa atmospheric pressure) but not at deep-sea pressures (10, 30, and 40 MPa). About 17 amino acids were sequenced from the N-terminal end of the protein. Sequence homology analysis in the GenBank database showed that P60 most closely resembled heat-shock proteins in some sulfur-metabolizing Archaea. A high degree of amino acid identity (81%–93%) to thermosome subunits in Thermococcales strains was found. Another protein (P35) with molecular mass of approximately 35.5 kDa was induced at 40 MPa hydrostatic pressure but not under low-pressure conditions. No amino acid sequence homology was found for this protein when the 40 amino acids from the N-terminal end were compared with homologous regions of proteins from databases. A PTk diagram was generated for T. barophilus. The results suggest that Phabitat is about 35 MPa, which corresponds to the in situ pressure where the strain was obtained.
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