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Extremophiles

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 347–357 | Cite as

Alkaline soda Lake Velika Rusanda (Serbia): the first insight into diatom diversity of this extreme saline lake

  • Danijela VidakovićEmail author
  • Jelena Krizmanić
  • Biljana P. Dojčinović
  • Ana Pantelić
  • Bojan Gavrilović
  • Milica Živanović
  • Boris Novaković
  • Miloš Ćirić
Original Paper
  • 68 Downloads

Abstract

Alkaline soda lakes are unique habitats found in specific geographic regions, usually with dry climate. The Carpathian Basin is one of those regions very important for habitat and biodiversity conservation in Europe, with natural soda lakes found in Austria, Hungary and Serbia. In comparison to other two countries from Central Europe, algal biodiversity studies of saline soda lakes in Serbia are scarce. Lake Velika Rusanda has the highest measured salinity of all saline lakes in the Carpathian Basin and there were no reports of its diatom species richness and diversity till now. We conducted 2-year investigation programme to study biodiversity and seasonal dynamics of diatoms in this lake. A total of 27 diatom taxa were found, almost all of them attached to reed and much less in benthos and plankton. Five new diatom species for Serbia were recorded, Craticula halopannonica, Navicymbula pusilla, Hantzschia weyprechtii, Nitzschia thermaloides and Navicula staffordiae. The last mentioned is new for Europe as well. Lake Velika Rusanda is inhabited mostly by alkaliphilous and halophilic diatoms. Since diatoms are used as bioindicators in soda lakes, our results will improve their further application in ecological status assessment of these fragile habitats in the Carpathian Basin.

Keywords

The Carpathian Basin Soda waters Plankton Epipelon Epilithon Epiphytic diatoms 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was financially supported by the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science, and Technological Development (Grant No. OI172001). Finally, we would like to thank to Ranko Perić and dr Aleksandra Vesić for their assistance in the field and dr Zlatko Levkov on identification help.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Belgrade, Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, Department of ChemistryBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.University of Belgrade, Faculty of Biology, Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden ‘‘Jevremovac’’BelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.University of Belgrade, Institute of Chemistry, Technology and MetallurgyBelgradeSerbia
  4. 4.University of Belgrade, Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy, Centre of Excellence in Environmental Chemistry and EngineeringBelgradeSerbia
  5. 5.Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Geographical Institute “Jovan Cvijić”Department of Physical GeographyBelgradeSerbia
  6. 6.University of Belgrade, Faculty of GeographyBelgradeSerbia
  7. 7.The Serbian Environmental Protection Agency, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Republic of SerbiaBelgradeSerbia

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