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Extremophiles

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 151–159 | Cite as

Taxonomy and richness of yeasts associated with angiosperms, bryophytes, and meltwater biofilms collected in the Antarctic Peninsula

  • Eskálath Morganna Silva FerreiraEmail author
  • Francisca Maria Pinheiro de Sousa
  • Luiz Henrique Rosa
  • Raphael Sanzio Pimenta
Original Paper
  • 59 Downloads

Abstract

The interest in the diversity of yeasts in the Antarctic environment has increased in recent years, mainly because Antarctic microbiology is a recent science, and little is known about the biodiversity and genetic resources of the microorganisms that inhabit this ecosystem. This study aimed to determine the diversity of epiphytic yeasts in samples of Deschampsia antarctica, Colobanthus quitensis, and bryophytes, as well yeasts present in biofilms collected from Antarctic meltwater. Samples were collected in the summer of 2014 and 2015 during expeditions organized by the Brazilian Antarctic Program. A total of 310 yeasts were isolated, and 34 species were identified by sequencing the D1/D2 domains of the rDNA region belonging to 18 genera. The species Vishniacozyma victoriae and Mrakia gelida were the most abundant. Dioszegia antarctica and Leucosporidium creatinivorum were found only in plant substrates. Most psychrophilic yeasts were isolated from biofilms, including Glaciozyma antarctica, Glaciozyma martinii, Mrakia gelida, Mrakia frigida, Mrakia robertii, Phenoliferia glacialis, and Phenoliferia psychrophenolica, suggesting that the substrates examined in this study represented an interesting habitat for the isolation and characterization of epiphytic and non-epiphytic yeasts that colonize the Antarctic region.

Keywords

Antarctica Yeasts Epiphytes Diversity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Cristiane Martins Coelho and Marcia Regina Marson Oliveira for their personal collaboration. Financial support from CAPES (Coordenacão de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) (AUXPEPRÓ-AMAZÔNIA-3312/2013/process n 23038.010315/2013-66), Programa Antártico Brasileiro (Brazilian Antarctic Program; PROANTAR process 407230/2013-0), and INCT Criosfera is acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eskálath Morganna Silva Ferreira
    • 1
    Email author
  • Francisca Maria Pinheiro de Sousa
    • 1
  • Luiz Henrique Rosa
    • 2
  • Raphael Sanzio Pimenta
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of General and Applied MicrobiologyFederal University of TocantinsPalmasBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology, Biological Sciences InstituteFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

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