Extremophiles

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 311–327 | Cite as

Thermal effects on microbial composition and microbiologically induced corrosion and mineral precipitation affecting operation of a geothermal plant in a deep saline aquifer

  • Stephanie Lerm
  • Anke Westphal
  • Rona Miethling-Graff
  • Mashal Alawi
  • Andrea Seibt
  • Markus Wolfgramm
  • Hilke Würdemann
Original Paper

Abstract

The microbial diversity of a deep saline aquifer used for geothermal heat storage in the North German Basin was investigated. Genetic fingerprinting analyses revealed distinct microbial communities in fluids produced from the cold and warm side of the aquifer. Direct cell counting and quantification of 16S rRNA genes and dissimilatory sulfite reductase (dsrA) genes by real-time PCR proved different population sizes in fluids, showing higher abundance of bacteria and sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) in cold fluids compared with warm fluids. The operation-dependent temperature increase at the warm well probably enhanced organic matter availability, favoring the growth of fermentative bacteria and SRB in the topside facility after the reduction of fluid temperature. In the cold well, SRB predominated and probably accounted for corrosion damage to the submersible well pump and iron sulfide precipitates in the near wellbore area and topside facility filters. This corresponded to lower sulfate content in fluids produced from the cold well as well as higher content of hydrogen gas that was probably released from corrosion, and maybe favored growth of hydrogenotrophic SRB. This study reflects the high influence of microbial populations for geothermal plant operation, because microbiologically induced precipitative and corrosive processes adversely affect plant reliability.

Keywords

Anaerobic bacteria Biodiversity Ecology Phylogeny Physiology of thermophiles Engineering issues and practical application Halophiles Molecular biology Thermophiles 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephanie Lerm
    • 1
  • Anke Westphal
    • 1
  • Rona Miethling-Graff
    • 1
  • Mashal Alawi
    • 1
  • Andrea Seibt
    • 2
  • Markus Wolfgramm
    • 3
  • Hilke Würdemann
    • 1
  1. 1.Helmholtz Centre Potsdam GFZ German Research Centre for GeosciencesInternational Centre for Geothermal Research ICGRPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.Boden Wasser Gesundheit GbR. (BWG)NeubrandenburgGermany
  3. 3.Geothermie Neubrandenburg (GTN)NeubrandenburgGermany

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