A thermophilic and acid stable family-10 xylanase from the acidophilic fungus Bispora sp. MEY-1
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- Luo, H., Li, J., Yang, J. et al. Extremophiles (2009) 13: 849. doi:10.1007/s00792-009-0272-0
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A complete gene, xyl10C, encoding a thermophilic endo-1,4-β-xylanase (XYL10C), was cloned from the acidophilic fungus Bispora sp. MEY-1 and expressed in Pichia pastoris. XYL10C shares highest nucleotide and amino acid sequence identities of 57.3 and 49.7%, respectively, with a putative xylanase from Aspergillus fumigatus Af293 of glycoside hydrolase family 10. A high expression level in P. pastoris (73,400 U ml−1) was achieved in a 3.7–l fermenter. The purified recombinant XYL10C was thermophilic, exhibiting maximum activity at 85°C, which is higher than that reported from any fungal xylanase. The enzyme was also highly thermostable, exhibiting ~100% of the initial activity after incubation at 80°C for 60 min and >87% of activity at 90°C for 10 min. The half lives of XYL10C at 80 and 85°C were approximately 45 and 3 h, respectively. It had two activity peaks at pH 3.0 and 4.5–5.0 (maximum), respectively, and was very acid stable, retaining more than 80% activity after incubation at pH 1.5−6.0 for 1 h. The enzyme was resistant to Co2+, Mn2+, Cr3+ and Ag+. The specific activity of XYL10C for oat spelt xylan was 18,831 U mg−1. It also had wide substrate specificity and produced simple products (65.1% xylose, 25.0% xylobiose and 9.9% xylan polymer) from oat spelt xylan.