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Extremophiles

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 15–25 | Cite as

Prokaryotic lifestyles in deep sea habitats

  • Federico M. Lauro
  • Douglas H. BartlettEmail author
Review

Abstract

Gradients of physicochemical factors influence the growth and survival of life in deep-sea environments. Insights into the characteristics of deep marine prokaryotes has greatly benefited from recent progress in whole genome and metagenome sequence analyses. Here we review the current state-of-the-art of deep-sea microbial genomics. Ongoing and future genome-enabled studies will allow for a better understanding of deep-sea evolution, physiology, biochemistry, community structure and nutrient cycling.

Keywords

Psychrophiles Ecology Comparative genomics Piezophysiology Piezophiles High pressure biosciences Biodiversity Genomics 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to the National Science Foundation for their support (MCB02-37059, MCB04-009 and MCB05-44524) and to Xavier Mayali for insightful discussion.

Supplementary material

792_2006_59_MOESM1_ESM.doc (42 kb)
ESM (Doc 42kb)

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© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scripps Institution of Oceanography, Center for Marine Biotechnology and Biomedicine, Marine Biology Research DivisionUniversity of CaliforniaSan Diego, La JollaUSA

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