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Extremophiles

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 35–41 | Cite as

Purification and characterization of Thermus thermophilus UvrD

  • Ruairi Collins
  • Tommie V. McCarthy
Original Paper

Abstract.

The DNA helicase UvrD (helicase II) protein plays an important role in nucleotide excision repair, mismatch repair, rolling circular plasmid replication, and in DNA replication. A homologue of the Escherichia coli uvrD gene was previously identified in Thermus thermophilus; however, to date, a UvrD helicase has not been purified and characterized from a thermophile. Here we report the purification and characterization of a UvrD protein from Thermus thermophilus HB8. The purified UvrD has a temperature range from 10° to >65°C, with an optimum of 50°C, within the temperature limits of the assay. The enzyme had a requirement for divalent metal ions and nucleoside triphosphates which related to enzyme activity in the order ATP > dATP > dGTP > GTP >> CTP > dCTP >> UTP. A simple real-time helicase assay was developed that should facilitate detailed kinetic studies of the enzyme. Evaluation of helicase substrates using this assay showed that the enzyme was highly active on a double-stranded DNA with 5′ recessed ends in comparison with substrates with 3′ recessed or blunt ends, and supports enzyme translocation in a 3′–5′ direction relative to the strand bound by the enzyme.

DNA helicase DNA repair Thermus thermophilus UvrD 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruairi Collins
    • 1
  • Tommie V. McCarthy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

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