Advertisement

European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 105–116 | Cite as

Do autism spectrum disorders differ from each other and from non-spectrum disorders on emotion recognition tests?

  • M. J. Dyck
  • K. Ferguson
  • I. M. Shochet
ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION

Abstract

 We tested whether dimensional measures of empathic ability, theory of mind, and intelligence would differentiate autism spectrum disorders from each other and from non-spectrum disorders. Tests were administered to children with a diagnosis of Autistic Disorder (AutD; n = 20), Asperger's Disorder (AspD; n = 28), Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (Inattentive Type) (ADHD; n = 35), Mental Retardation (Mild) (MR; n = 34), Anxiety Disorder (AnxD; n = 14), or No Psychological Disorder (NPD; n = 36). Results showed that empathic ability discriminated among groups on the autism spectrum (AutD < AspD < NPD). Because empathic ability is not independent of intelligence (AutD < AspD < NPD on intelligence; MR < ADHD < NPD on empathic ability), both dimensions are necessary to discriminate autism spectrum from non-spectrum disorders. When intelligence is covaried, empathic ability discriminated AutD, but not AspD, from other disorders (AutD < MR < ADHD <  NPD = AnxD = AspD).

Key words Autism spectrum empathic ability emotion recognition theory of mind developmental disorder 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Dyck
    • 1
  • K. Ferguson
    • 2
  • I. M. Shochet
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Psychology Curtin University of Technology GPO Box U1987, Perth Western Australia, 6845, AustraliaAU
  2. 2.School of Applied Psychology Griffith University Mount Gravatt Queensland, 4111, AustraliaAU

Personalised recommendations