European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 277–284 | Cite as

The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire among Finnish school-aged children and adolescents

  • M. Koskelainen
  • A. Sourander
  • A. Kaljonen
ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION

Abstract

 The emotional and behavioural problems of 7- to 15-year-old Finnish children and adolescents (n = 735) were assessed in a community population by a brief screening instrument, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The parent-, teacher- and self-reports of the SDQ were obtained. The results show that for the total scores, the inter-rater agreement between the pairs of reports was 0.38–0.44. The internal consistency in all three questionnaires was 0.71. Functioning above the 90th percentile of the SDQ total difficulties scores in parent-, teacher- and self-reports was strongly associated with help-seeking variables and problematic behaviour according to parents. The correlation of the parental SDQ total scores and the Child Behaviour Checklist total scores was 0.75 and the correlation of the self-report SDQ total scores with the Youth Self Report total scores was 0.71. The differences in sex, grade and informants of the SDQ total difficulties scores are reported. The study gives further evidence of the usefulness of the SDQ as a promising screening instrument for epidemiological research and clinical purposes.

Key words The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire – screening – pathology – child and adolescent psychiatry 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Koskelainen
    • 1
  • A. Sourander
    • 1
  • A. Kaljonen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Child Psychiatry Turku University Hospital PL 52, 20521 Turku, FinlandFI

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