European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 271–276 | Cite as

Comparing the German Versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ-Deu) and the Child Behavior Checklist

  • H. Klasen
  • W. Woerner
  • D. Wolke
  • R. Meyer
  • S. Overmeyer
  • W. Kaschnitz
  • A. Rothenberger
  • R. Goodman
ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION

Abstract

 The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a brief behavioural screening questionnaire that can be completed in about 5 minutes by the parents and teachers of 4–16 year olds. The scores of the English version correlate well with those of the considerably longer Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). The present study compares the German versions of the questionnaires. Both SDQ and CBCL were completed by the parents of 273 children drawn from psychiatric clinics (N = 163) and from a community sample (N = 110). The children from the community sample also filled in the SDQ self-report and the Youth Self Report (YSR). The children from the clinic sample received an ICD-10 diagnosis if applicable. Scores from the parent and self-rated SDQ and CBCL/YSR were highly correlated and equally able to distinguish between the community and clinic samples, with the SDQ showing significantly better results regarding the total scores. They were also equally able to distinguish between disorders within the clinic sample, the only significant difference being that the SDQ was better able to differentiate between children with and without hyperactivity-inattention. The study shows that like the English originals, the SDQ-Deu and the German CBCL are equally valid for most clinical and research purposes.

Key words Child psychopathology – psychometrics – questionnaires – validity – German 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Klasen
    • 1
  • W. Woerner
    • 2
  • D. Wolke
    • 3
  • R. Meyer
    • 4
  • S. Overmeyer
    • 5
  • W. Kaschnitz
    • 6
  • A. Rothenberger
    • 2
  • R. Goodman
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry St. George's Medical School, Tooting GB – London SW17 0REGB
  2. 2.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry University of Göttingen von-Siebold Str. 5 D-37075 GöttingenDE
  3. 3.University of Hertfordshire Department of Psychology, College Lane GB – Hatfield, Herts AL10 9ABGB
  4. 4.Lehrstuhl für Psychologie IV Röntgenring 10 D-97074 WürzburgDE
  5. 5.Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Philosophenstrasse 3-5 D-07740 JenaDE
  6. 6.Universitäts Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendheilkunde Klinische Abteilung für Allgemein Pädiatrie, Auenbruggerplatz 30 A-8036 GrazAT
  7. 7.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry De Crespigny Park GB – London SE5 8AZGB

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