European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 235–243 | Cite as

Posttraumatic stress disorder in children after the military operation “Anfal” in Iraqi Kurdistan

  • A. Ahmad
  • M. A. Sofi
  • V. Sundelin-Wahlsten
  • A.-L. von Knorring
ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION

Abstract

 Five years after the military operation “Anfal” in Iraqi Kurdistan, 45 families were randomly selected among the survivors in two displacement camps. The Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms for Children (PTSS-C) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) were administered to the oldest child and the caregiver in each family, respectively. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was reported in 87% of children and 60% of their caregivers. While childhood PTSD was only significantly predicted by child trauma score and the duration of captivity, it was neither predicted by maternal PTSD nor did it disappear after the reunion with the PTSD-free father. However, the small sample size makes the results hypotheses rather than conclusive.

Key words PTSD – Childhood trauma – Anfal – Man-made disaster – Kurdistan 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Ahmad
    • 1
  • M. A. Sofi
    • 2
  • V. Sundelin-Wahlsten
    • 1
  • A.-L. von Knorring
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neuroscience Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Uppsala University Hospital S-750 17 Uppsala, SwedenSE
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry Erbil University Hospital Erbil, Iraqi KurdistanIQ

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