European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 125–130 | Cite as

The strengths and difficulties questionnaire: A pilot study on the validity of the self-report version

  • R. Goodman
  • H. Meltzer
  • V. Bailey


 The self-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was administered to two samples of 11–16 year olds: 83 young people in the community and 116 young people attending a mental health clinic. The questionnaire discriminated satisfactorily between the two samples. For example, the clinic mean for the total difficulties score was 1.4 standard deviations above the community mean, with clinic cases being over six times more likely to have a score in the abnormal range. The correlations between self-report SDQ scores and teacher or parent-rated SDQ scores compared favourably with the average cross-informant correlations in previous studies of a range of measures. The self-report SDQ appears promising and warrants further evaluation.

Key words Self-report screening questionnaire adolescent psychopathology 


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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Goodman
    • 1
  • H. Meltzer
    • 2
  • V. Bailey
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Institute of Psychiatry De Crespigny Park London SE5 8AF United KingdomGB
  2. 2.Social Survey Division Office for National Statistics 1 Drummond Gate London SW1 V2QQ United KingdomGB
  3. 3.Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry The Thelma Golding Centre 92 Bath Road Hounslow TW3 3EL United KingdomGB

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