European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 769–780 | Cite as

Alone, but protected? Effects of social support on mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors

  • Susan SierauEmail author
  • Esther Schneider
  • Yuriy Nesterko
  • Heide Glaesmer
Original Contribution


Unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) are the most vulnerable group of refugees suffering from higher levels of mental health problems. Yet, there is also a group of URM with little or no symptoms or disorders. A major predictor for positive mental health outcomes is the social support network in the post-flight period which has rarely been investigated for the group of URM. The present study analyzes differences between perceived social support from family, peers, and adult mentors in URM, with subgroup analyses of peer and mentor support in URM with and without family contact. Furthermore, we investigate whether social support from each of the three sectors moderates the relationship between stressful life events (SLE) and mental health of URM with family contact. Questionnaire data were collected from 105 male URM from Syria and Afghanistan aged 14–19 years who were living in group homes of the Child Protection Services in Leipzig, Germany, in summer 2017. URM receive most social support from their families, followed by peers and adult mentors. URM without family contact received less peer and mentor support compared to URM with family contact. Lower social support from mentors increased the risk for PTSD, depression and anxiety symptoms after SLE, whereas lower social support from peers increased the association between SLE and anxiety symptoms. Mentor and peer support in the host country is relevant for the processing of SLE. URM without family contact represent a “double burden” group, as they might feel less supported by other social networks.


Adolescents Stressful life events Posttraumatic stress disorder Depression Anxiety Somatic symptoms 



This study was supported by the Junior Research Grant of the Medical Faculty, University of Leipzig, to Susan Sierau. The authors would like to thank the Youth Welfare Office, the Social Services, and the Guardianship Office of the City of Leipzig for cooperating in this study, as well as all youths for taking part.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department for Medical Psychology and Medical SociologyUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany

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