European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 333–337 | Cite as

One-year follow-up of two novel CBTs for adolescents with ADHD

  • Bianca E. Boyer
  • Hilde M. Geurts
  • Pier J. M. Prins
  • Saskia Van der Oord
Brief Report


Long-term effects of two CBTs for adolescents with ADHD are explored: One aimed at improving planning skills (Plan My Life; PML), the other a solution-focused therapy (SFT) without focusing on planning skills. In a RCT, adolescents with ADHD (n = 159) were assigned to PML or SFT and improved significantly between pre- and posttest with large effect sizes Boyer et al (Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. doi:10.1007/s00787-014-0661-5), with marginal differences in favor of PML. One-year follow-up data were gathered. Initial improvements remained stable or continued to improve from posttest to 1-year follow-up. 25.9 % of adolescents showed normalized functioning. However, no treatment differences were found. These results are consistent with the finding that treatment of ADHD improves long-term outcomes, but not to the point of normalization. Earlier found differences at 3-month follow-up in favor of PML disappeared, indicating that focusing treatment on planning skills is not necessary for improvement or that a more prolonged planning-focused treatment is needed.


ADHD Adolescence CBT Treatment Long-term effects Planning 

Supplementary material

787_2015_776_MOESM1_ESM.docx (14 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 14 kb)
787_2015_776_MOESM2_ESM.docx (22 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 21 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bianca E. Boyer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hilde M. Geurts
    • 2
    • 3
  • Pier J. M. Prins
    • 1
    • 3
  • Saskia Van der Oord
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Developmental PsychologyUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Dutch Autism & ADHD Research CenterUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Centre for Cognitive ScienceUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Clinical PsychologyKU LeuvenLouvainBelgium

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