Suicidality among military-connected adolescents in California schools
- 503 Downloads
Previous research indicates that suicidal ideation is higher among military-connected youth than non military-connected youth. This study extends prior work by examining suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts in military-connected and non military-connected adolescents. Data were gathered from 390,028 9th and 11th grade students who completed the 2012–2013 California Healthy Kids Survey. Bivariate comparisons and multivariate logistic analyses were conducted to examine differences in suicidal ideation, plans, attempts, and attempts requiring medical attention between military and not military-connected youth. In multivariate logistic analyses, military-connected youth were at increased risk for suicidal ideation (OR = 1.43, 95 % CI = 1.37–1.49), making a plan to harm themselves (OR = 1.19, CI = 1.06–1.34), attempting suicide (OR = 1.67, CI = 1.43–1.95), and an attempted suicide which required medical treatment (OR = 1.71, CI = 1.34–2.16). These results indicate that military-connected youth statewide are at a higher risk for suicidal ideation, plans, attempts, and attempts requiring medical care because of suicidal behaviors. It is suggested that policies be implemented to increase awareness and screening among primary care providers, school personnel, and military organizations that serve military-connected youth.
KeywordsMilitary Adolescents Suicidality Mental health
Conflict of interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
Human Subjects Statement
This work constitutes secondary data analysis and was approved by the USC IRB as an exempt study.
- 1.Eaton DK, Kann L, Kinchen S, Shanklin S, Flint KH, Hawkins J, Harris WA, Lowry R, McManus T, Chyen D, Whittle L, Lim C, Wechsler H (2012) Youth risk behavior surveillance-united states, 2011. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Surveill Summ 61(4):1–162Google Scholar
- 13.Pew Research Center (2011) War and sacrifice in the post-9/11 era: the military-civilian gapGoogle Scholar
- 14.Bowling UB, Sherman MD (2008) Welcoming them home: supporting service members and their families in navigating the tasks of reintegration. Prof Psychol Res Pract 39(4):451–458. doi: 10.1007/s11126-005-4973-y10.1037/0033-3188.8.131.523 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 24.Military families in transition: Stress, resilience, and well-being (2014). Forum on health and national security. Bethesda, MDGoogle Scholar
- 25.Garrick J (2014) Suicide and military families: a report on the feasibility of tracking deaths by suicide among military family members. Defense Suicide Prevention Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- 26.Institute of Medicine (2014) Preventing psychological disorders in service members and their families: an assessment of programs. The National Academies Press, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
- 27.United States. Legislature. House of Representatives. Armed Services Committee. DoD Suicide Tracking Act of 2014. 113th Congress. H.R.4505. Retrieved from https://www.congress.gov/bill/113th-congress/house-bill/4504
- 28.Benbenishty R (2014) Building capacity in military schools: final technical evaluation report. University of Southern California School of Social Work, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
- 30.United States Department of Health and Human Services Healthy People 2020: Topics and objectives. http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/. Accessed 15 Sept 2014
- 31.Department of Defense (2010) Report on the impact of deployment of members of the armed Forces on their dependent children. Department of Defense, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- 34.Institute of Medicine (2013) Returning home from Iraq and Afghanistan: assessment of readjustment needs of veterans, service members, and their families. The National Academies Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
- 35.Greentree V, Bardbard D, Dagher L, Levingston K, Lore CE, Taylor JA (2013) 2013 Military family lifestyle survey: comprehensive report. Blue Star Families, Falls ChurchGoogle Scholar
- 37.Lubin G, Werbeloff N, Halperin D, Shmushkevitch M, Weiser M, Knobler HY (2010) Decrease in suicide rates after a change of policy reducing access to firearms in adolescents: a naturalistic epidemiological study. Suicide Life Threat Behav 40(5):421–424. doi: 10.1521/suli.2010.40.5.421 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar