Risk and protective factors for peer victimization: a 1-year follow-up study of urban American students
- 563 Downloads
This study examined whether internalizing problems, parental warmth and teacher support were associated with adolescents’ experience of future peer victimization in school. Data were drawn from two rounds of the longitudinal Social and Health Assessment (SAHA). Study subjects comprised 593 US urban adolescents (aged 13.8 ± 0.8 years; 56 % female). Results showed that there was a substantial degree of continuity in peer victimization over a 1-year period. The presence of internalizing (anxiety, depressive and somatic) symptoms at baseline was associated with an increased risk of peer victimization over time. Both parental warmth and teacher support were uniquely associated with a lower risk for peer victimization. Implications of these findings for prevention efforts are discussed.
KeywordsPeer victimization Adolescent Risk factors Protective factors
Conflict of interest
On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.
- 1.Nansel TR, Craig W, Overpeck MD, Saluja G, Ruan J, The Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Bullying Analyses Working Group (2004) Cross-national consistency in the relationship between bullying behaviors and psychosocial adjustment. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158:730–736PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 4.Olweus D, Smith P, Morita Y, Junger-Tas J, Catalano R, Slee P (1999) The nature of school bullying: a cross-national perspective. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 20.Farrington DP, Ttofi MM (2009) School-based programs to reduce bullying and victimization. Campb Syst Rev 6Google Scholar
- 21.Rodkin PC, Gest SD (2011) Teaching practices, classroom peer ecologies, and bullying behaviors among schoolchildren. In: Espelage DL, Swearer E (eds) Bullying in North American schools, 2nd edn. Routledge, New York, pp 75–90Google Scholar
- 25.Weissberg R, Voyce C, Kasprow W, Arthur M, Shriver T (1991) The Social and Health Assessment. Authors, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
- 32.Reynolds CR, Kamphaus RW (1992) Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC). American Guidance Service, Circle PinesGoogle Scholar
- 37.Schneider BH (2000) Friends and enemies: peer relations in childhood. Oxford University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
- 42.Ahmad Y, Smith PK (1990) Behavioural measures review. Bullying in schools. News Assoc Child Psychol Psych 12:26–27Google Scholar