European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 23, Issue 9, pp 773–781 | Cite as

Risk and protective factors for peer victimization: a 1-year follow-up study of urban American students

  • Elisabeth Karlsson
  • Andrew Stickley
  • Frank Lindblad
  • Mary Schwab-Stone
  • Vladislav RuchkinEmail author
Original Contribution


This study examined whether internalizing problems, parental warmth and teacher support were associated with adolescents’ experience of future peer victimization in school. Data were drawn from two rounds of the longitudinal Social and Health Assessment (SAHA). Study subjects comprised 593 US urban adolescents (aged 13.8 ± 0.8 years; 56 % female). Results showed that there was a substantial degree of continuity in peer victimization over a 1-year period. The presence of internalizing (anxiety, depressive and somatic) symptoms at baseline was associated with an increased risk of peer victimization over time. Both parental warmth and teacher support were uniquely associated with a lower risk for peer victimization. Implications of these findings for prevention efforts are discussed.


Peer victimization Adolescent Risk factors Protective factors 


Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elisabeth Karlsson
    • 1
  • Andrew Stickley
    • 2
  • Frank Lindblad
    • 1
  • Mary Schwab-Stone
    • 3
  • Vladislav Ruchkin
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Unit, Department of NeuroscienceUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition (SCOHOST)Södertörn UniversityHuddingeSweden
  3. 3.Child Study CenterYale University Medical SchoolNew HavenUSA
  4. 4.Säter Forensic Psychiatric ClinicSäterSweden

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