European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 327–335 | Cite as

Pilot evaluation of the Frankfurt Social Skills Training for children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder

  • Evelyn HerbrechtEmail author
  • Fritz Poustka
  • Sabine Birnkammer
  • Eftichia Duketis
  • Sabine Schlitt
  • Gabriele Schmötzer
  • Sven Bölte


The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a group-based intervention aiming at improving social and communication skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Over a period of 11 months, N = 17 children and adolescents received treatment according to the manualised Frankfurt Social Skills Training (KONTAKT). Parent, teacher, expert and blind expert ratings were assessed to judge outcome regarding peer interaction, autistic behaviours, adaptive functioning and family burden. The participants exhibited improvements pre to follow-up treatment, particularly in the area of autistic symptomatology. Effect sizes (partial eta squared) ranged from 0.02 to 0.69. Among other things, regression models showed a positive influence of IQ and language skills on gains in social skills. Findings indicate that KONTAKT might be useful for enhancing social skills and reducing autism-related psychopathology over time in different contexts. Nevertheless, controlled trials are needed to reassure its effectiveness.


group intervention effectiveness communication social interaction autism 


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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag Darmstadt 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evelyn Herbrecht
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fritz Poustka
    • 2
  • Sabine Birnkammer
    • 3
  • Eftichia Duketis
    • 2
  • Sabine Schlitt
    • 2
  • Gabriele Schmötzer
    • 2
  • Sven Bölte
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of child and Adolescent Psychiatry and PsychotherapyJ. W. Goethe UniversityFrankfurtGermany
  2. 2.J. W. Goethe UniversityFrankfurtGermany
  3. 3.Ludwig-Maximilians UniversityFrankfurtGermany

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