European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 287–294 | Cite as

Risk factors for eating disorders in adolescents

A Spanish community-based longitudinal study
  • Luis Beato-Fernández
  • Teresa Rodríguez-Cano
  • Antonia Belmonte-Llario
  • Cristóbal Martínez-Delgado
ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION

Abstract.

Objective:

The aim of this study was to identify psychopathological, social and family variables that, measured at the age of 13, might predict the development of eating disorders 2 years later, using a standardized interview and controlling the effect of initially abnormal eating behavior.

Method:

At age 13 and 15, 1076 adolescents completed questionnaires for the screening of psychiatric morbidity, abnormal eating attitudes and family dysfunction. Probable cases of eating disorders [159] and 150 controls were assessed with standardized interviews (SCAN).

Results:

Controlling the effect of previous eating psychopathology, pathological body dissatisfaction, measured with the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), and a negative perception of parental attitudes were predictors of eating disorders 2 years later. Self-esteem was a protective factor for body dissatisfaction.

Conclusions:

Preventive actions should focus on self-esteem as a protective factor for body dissatisfaction, a strong predictor for eating disorders. The significance of family perception should be explored more in detail in future research.

Key words

eating disorders risk factors protective factors adolescents 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luis Beato-Fernández
    • 1
    • 2
  • Teresa Rodríguez-Cano
    • 1
  • Antonia Belmonte-Llario
    • 1
  • Cristóbal Martínez-Delgado
    • 1
  1. 1.Eating Disorders Unit, Service of PsychiatryCiudad Real HospitalCiudad RealSpain
  2. 2.B 13004—Ciudad RealSpain

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