European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 185–190 | Cite as

The reliability and validity of the Oppositional Defiant Behavior Inventory

  • Yuzuru Harada
  • Kazuhiko Saitoh
  • Junzo Iida
  • Ayako Sakuma
  • Hidemi Iwasaka
  • Junko Imai
  • Michiko Hirabayashi
  • Satoru Yamada
  • Shinichi Hirabayashi
  • Tokio Uchiyama
  • Setsuko Ohta
  • Naoji Amano
ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION

Abstract.

Objective:

The aim of this study was to develop an evaluation scale for use as a supplementary tool for the diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD).

Method:

The subjects were 98 Japanese children (91 males and 7 females), aged 6–15 years, diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or ODD. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability, concurrent validity and divergent validity of the oppositional defiant behavior inventory (ODBI), an evaluation scale of oppositional defiant tendency, were examined.

Results:

Cronbach’s α coefficient of the ODBI was 0.925. The correlation coefficient between the test and the retest was 0.820 (p < 0.0001). Both the ODBI scores (test and retest) were correlated with the number of items that matched the ODD diagnostic criteria of DSM-IV (r = 0.660, 0.659, p < 0.001), and with the ODD-scale of Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale (r = 0.725, 0.654, p < 0.001). Compared with the ADHD group or controls, the ADHD and ODD group showed a significantly higher ODBI score at p < 0.0001.

Conclusion:

The concurrent use of this scale with clinical examination is expected to increase the accuracy of the diagnosis of ODD.

Key words

oppositional defiant disorder attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder rating scale reliability validity 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuzuru Harada
    • 1
  • Kazuhiko Saitoh
    • 2
  • Junzo Iida
    • 3
  • Ayako Sakuma
    • 1
  • Hidemi Iwasaka
    • 4
  • Junko Imai
    • 2
  • Michiko Hirabayashi
    • 5
  • Satoru Yamada
    • 6
  • Shinichi Hirabayashi
    • 7
  • Tokio Uchiyama
    • 8
  • Setsuko Ohta
    • 9
  • Naoji Amano
    • 1
  1. 1.Mental Health Clinic for ChildrenShinshu University HospitalNaganoJapan
  2. 2.Dept. of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryKohnodai Hospital National Center of Neurology and PsychiatryChibaJapan
  3. 3.Nara Medical University College of NursingNaraJapan
  4. 4.Dept. of PsychiatryNara Prefectural Rehabilitation CenterNaraJapan
  5. 5.Dept. of PediatricsMatsumoto Kyoritsu HospitalNaganoJapan
  6. 6.Dept. of PsychiatryTokyo Metropolitan Umegaoka HospitalTokyoJapan
  7. 7.Dept. of NeurologyNagano Children’s HospitalNaganoJapan
  8. 8.Dept. of Human Welfare, Faculty of Human RelationsOtuma Women’s UniversityTokyoJapan
  9. 9.Dept. of Public HealthShinshu University School of MedicineNaganoJapan

Personalised recommendations