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Clinical Oral Investigations

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 54–57 | Cite as

Correlation between cervical spine and temporomandibular disorders

  • A. De Laat
  • H. Meuleman
  • A. Stevens
  • G. Verbeke
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

Neuroanatomical interconnections and neurophysiological relationships between the orofacial area and the cervical spine have been documented earlier. The present single-blind study was aimed at screening possible correlations between clinical signs of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and cervical spine disorders. Thirty-one consecutive patients with symptoms of TMD and 30 controls underwent a standardised clinical examination of the masticatory system, evaluating range of motion of the mandible, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) function and pain of the TMJ and masticatory muscles. Afterwards subjects were referred for clinical examination of the cervical spine, evaluating segmental limitations, tender points upon palpation of the muscles, hyperalgesia and hypermobility. The results indicated that segmental limitations (especially at the C0–C3 levels) and tender points (especially in the m. sternocleidomastoideus and m. trapezius) are significantly more present in patients than in controls. Hyperalgesia was present only in the patient group (12–16%).

Key words Cervical spine Temporomandibular disorders Functional limitations 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. De Laat
    • 1
  • H. Meuleman
    • 2
  • A. Stevens
    • 3
  • G. Verbeke
    • 4
  1. 1.Cluster Oral Physiology, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Capucijnenvoer 7, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium e-mail: Antoon.DeLaat@med.kuleuven.ac.be Tel.: +3216–332454 Fax: +3216–332435BE
  2. 2.Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Catholic University of Leuven, BelgiumBE
  3. 3.Department of Physical Medicine, Catholic University of Leuven, BelgiumBE
  4. 4.Biostatistical Centre for Clinical Trials, Catholic University of Leuven, BelgiumBE

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