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Clinical Oral Investigations

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 1–20 | Cite as

The effect of green tea as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in non-surgical periodontitis therapy: a systematic review

  • S. J. Gartenmann
  • Y. v. Weydlich
  • S. L. Steppacher
  • C. Heumann
  • T. Attin
  • Patrick R. SchmidlinEmail author
Review
  • 168 Downloads

Abstract

Objective

To provide a systematic overview on the efficacy of green tea catechin as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in terms of probing pocket depth (PPD).

Materials and methods

A systematic literature search was performed using electronic databases in PubMed, Scopus, Medline, Cochrane, CINAHL, and Web of Science on randomized clinical trials up to January 2017. The research question was posed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines.

Results

The search provided 234 studies. After analyzing the full texts, five studies were included, with four studies qualifying for meta-analysis. Mean PPD reduction was significantly higher (α = 0.05) when green tea catechin was used as an adjunct to SRP (test group) than with SRP alone (control group). The difference in the reduction was 0.74 mm [0.35–1.13; 95% CI].

Conclusion

The local application of green tea catechin as an adjunct to SRP may result in a beneficial reduction in PPD. Due to the highly heterogeneous data and some risk of bias, however, this data still needs to be interpreted with caution.

Clinical relevance

The finding suggests that green tea catechin may be a topical adjunct to SRP without negative side effects.

Keywords

Green tea Local application Chronic periodontitis Non-surgical periodontal therapy Local delivery device 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the work of Dr. Y. v. Weydlich for his support in the analysis of the data as part of his master thesis.

Funding

This study was funded by the authors only.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

Ethical approval does not apply to a systematic review.

Informed consent

Informed consent does not apply to a systematic review.

Supplementary material

784_2018_2684_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 14 kb)
784_2018_2684_MOESM2_ESM.docx (134 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 134 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. J. Gartenmann
    • 1
  • Y. v. Weydlich
    • 2
  • S. L. Steppacher
    • 2
  • C. Heumann
    • 3
  • T. Attin
    • 1
  • Patrick R. Schmidlin
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cardiology, Center of Dental MedicineUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Private practiceWallisellen and St. GallenSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of StatisticsLudwig-Maximilians-University MunichMunichGermany

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