Clinical Oral Investigations

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 1425–1434 | Cite as

Retentive characteristics of individual and prefabricated polyvinylsiloxane overdenture attachments: alternative treatment options for geriatric patients

  • Ramona SchweyenEmail author
  • C. Arnold
  • J. M. Setz
  • J. Hey
Original Article



Stud attachments are often too adhesive and too susceptible to damage for use in geriatric patients, especially when implants are angulated. This study aimed to evaluate alternative anchoring systems comprising individual and prefabricated polyvinylsiloxane (PVS) attachments.

Materials and methods

A total of 182 specimens with individual PVS (IPVS) attachments (Shore hardness [SH] 25, SH50, SH65], prefabricated PVS (PPVS) attachments (SM green, yellow, and red), and Locator attachments (LR blue) were fabricated (n = 7 per group). Retention force was measured using the following parameters: insertion/removal (100, 200, 500, 1000, and 5000 cycles), thermal undulation (10,000 cycles at 5–55 °C; one implant per specimen), implant angulation (0°, 5°, and 10° convergence and divergence; two implants per specimen), and artificial saliva.


Insertion/removal and thermal undulation caused no changes in retention force in SM green and IPVS subgroups; conversely, LR blue, SM red, and SM yellow attachments exhibited significant decreases in retention force of up to 66% (all P ≤ 0.001). Implant angulation produced relevant changes in retention force only in LR blue attachments. Artificial saliva caused a general decrease in retention force.


Retention force of low-retentive PVS attachments proved to be comparatively immune to dislocation and thermal undulation, as well as to implant angulation up to 10°.

Clinical relevance

Low-retentive PVS attachments could be a treatment option if reduced denture retention is required and/or if angulated implants are in place. Clinical studies are necessary to evaluate the materials’ durability under oral conditions.


Polyvinylsiloxane Implants Attachments Overdenture Geriatric dentistry 



The authors thank Bredent Medical, Senden, Germany, for supporting this study by providing materials.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

For this type of study, formal consent was not required.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dental MedicineMartin-Luther-University Halle-WittenbergHalleGermany

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