Relationship between erosive tooth wear and beverage consumption among a group of schoolchildren in Mexico City
- 154 Downloads
To assess the association between erosive tooth wear (ETW) and consumption of different kinds of beverages in a group of schoolchildren 11–14 years old in Mexico City.
Cross-sectional study in a sample of students (n = 512) in Mexico City. The Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) was used to quantify ETW. Beverage consumption (BC) was determined using a frequency questionnaire; beverages included pure water, natural fruit juices, milk, hot beverages, and soft drinks. Ordinal logistic regression model was used to evaluate the association between the presence of ETW and BC.
In total, 45.7% of the schoolchildren showed an initial loss of surface texture (BEWE = 1) and 18.2% a distinct defect involving loss of dental tissue (BEWE ≥ 2) in at least one tooth. For each glass (350 ml) of milk/week, the odds of not having erosive wear (BEWE = 0) versus having an initial loss of surface texture (BEWE = 1) or of having an initial loss of surface texture versus the presence of a defect involving the loss of dental tissue (BEWE ≥ 2) decreased 4% (OR = 0.96, 95% CI 0.93–0.99, p = 0.008); for each portion of sweet carbonated beverage consumed (350 ml), the odds increased 3% (OR = 1.03, 95% CI 1.001–1.07, p = 0.046).
The intake of milk and milk-based products could be a dietary means of helping prevent ETW, especially if their consumption could replace sweet carbonated drink consumption.
Knowing the impact of beverage consumption on ETW helps to provide suitable recommendations for the prevention and control of ETW in order to promote tooth longevity.
KeywordsErosive tooth wear Tooth erosion Sweet carbonated beverages Prevention and control
This research was partially funded by the National Council of Science and Technology (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, CONACYT).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Dentistry School’s Committee on Ethics and Investigation at the Autonomous National University of Mexico and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- 1.Carvalho TS, Colon P, Ganss C, Huysmans MC, Lussi A, Schlueter N, Schmalz G, Shellis PR, Bjorg Tveit A, Wiegand A (2016) Consensus report of the European Federation of Conservative Dentistry: erosive tooth wear diagnosis and management. Swiss dental journal 126(4):342–346Google Scholar
- 2.Lussi A, Carvalho TS (2014) Erosive tooth wear: a multifactorial condition of growing concern and increasing knowledge. Erosive Tooth Wear: From Diagnosis Therapy 25:360163Google Scholar
- 15.Guelinckx I, Iglesia I, Bottin JH, De Miguel-Etayo P, Gonzalez-Gil EM, Salas-Salvado J, Kavouras SA, Gandy J, Martinez H, Bardosono S, Abdollahi M, Nasseri E, Jarosz A, Ma G, Carmuega E, Thiebaut I, Moreno LA (2015) Intake of water and beverages of children and adolescents in 13 countries. Eur J Nutr 54(Suppl 2):69–79. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-0955-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 22.Eck LH, Klesges RC, Hanson CL, Slawson D, Portis L, Lavasque ME (1991) Measuring short-term dietary intake: development and testing of a 1-week food frequency questionnaire. J Am Diet Assoc 91(8):940–945Google Scholar
- 23.Shamah-Levy T, Villalpando-Hernández S, Rivera-Dommarco J (2006) Manual de procedimientos para proyectos de nutrición. Cuernavaca, México Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, pp 39–49Google Scholar
- 24.Green J, Vermillion J (1960) The oral hygiene index: a method for classifying oral hygiene status. J Am Dent Assoc 61(172):10Google Scholar
- 25.Long JS, Freese J (2006) Regression models for categorical dependent variables using Stata. Stata pressGoogle Scholar
- 26.Saeedi P, Skeaff SA, Wong JE, Skidmore PM (2016) Reproducibility and relative validity of a short food frequency questionnaire in 9-10 year-old children. Nutrients 8(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8050271
- 27.Thompson FE, Byers T (1994) Dietary assessment resource manual. J Nutrition 124(11 Suppl):2245s–2317sGoogle Scholar
- 43.Nahas Pires Correa MS, Nahas Pires Correa F, Nahas Pires Correa JP, Murakami C, Mendes FM (2011) Prevalence and associated factors of dental erosion in children and adolescents of a private dental practice. Int J Paediatric Dentistry / British Paedodontic Soc Int Assoc Dentistry Children 21(6):451–458. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-263X.2011.01150.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 44.Manaf ZA, Lee MT, Ali NH, Samynathan S, Jie YP, Ismail NH, Bibiana Hui Ying Y, Wei Seng Y, Yahya NA (2012) Relationship between food habits and tooth erosion occurrence in Malaysian University students. Malaysian J Medical Sci : MJMS 19(2):56–66Google Scholar