Compromised alveolar bone cells in a patient with dentinogenesis imperfecta caused by DSPP mutation
Dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) plays an important role in the mineralization of both dentin and bones. The Dspp null mice developed periodontal diseases. Patients with DSPP mutations have dentinogenesis imperfecta (DGI), but very little is known about their bone characteristics. This study aims to characterize alveolar bone cells of a DGI patient with DSPP mutation.
Materials and methods
Pathogenic variants were identified by whole exome and sanger sequencing. Cells isolated from the alveolar bones of a DSPP patient were investigated for their characteristics including cell morphology, attachment, spreading, proliferation, colony formation, mineralization, and osteogenic differentiation.
We identified a Thai family with three members affected with autosomal dominant DGI harboring a heterozygous pathogenic missense mutation, c.50C > T, p.P17L, in exon 2 of the DSPP gene. The patients’ phenotypes presented deteriorated opalescent teeth with periapical lesions, thickening of lamina dura, furcation involvement, alveolar bone loss, and bone exostoses. The alveolar bone cells isolated from DSPP patient exhibited compromised proliferation and colony formation. Scanning electron microscope revealed altered cellular morphology and spreading. The DSPP cells showed deviated mRNA levels of OCN, ALP, and COL1 but maintained in vitro mineralization ability compared to the control.
We demonstrate that the DSPP p.P17L mutant alveolar bone cells had compromised cell spreading, proliferation, colony formation, and osteogenic induction, suggesting abnormal bone characteristics in the patient with DGI caused by DSPP mutation.
DSPP mutation can induce the behavior alterations of alveolar bone cells.
KeywordsBone biology Cell biology Diagnosis Genetics Osteoblasts
We thank Pimsupa Kitsricharoenchai for providing the dental treatment for the proband.
This study was supported by the Thailand Research Fund (TRF) and Office of Higher Education Commission (OHEC) Thailand (MRG6080001), the Chulalongkorn Academic Advancement Into Its 2nd Century Project. Nunthawan Nowwarote is supported by the Ratchadapisek Sompote Fund for Postdoctoral Fellowship, Chulalongkorn University.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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