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Clinical Oral Investigations

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 293–301 | Cite as

Difference assessment of composite resins and sound tooth applicable in the resin-imbedded tooth for resin repair using fluorescence, microhardness, DIAGNOdent, and X-ray image

  • Tae-sung Jeong
  • Jeong-Kil Park
  • Ching-Chang Ko
  • Franklin Garcia-Godoy
  • Yong Hoon KwonEmail author
Original Article
  • 109 Downloads

Abstract

Objective

Visual differentiation of resin and tooth in a tooth cavity is not simple due to their highly similar shade. The purpose of the present study was to find any noninvasive method which can effectively differentiate resin from sound tooth in a resin-imbedded tooth for resin repair.

Materials and methods

For the study, various resin products were imbedded into the cavity of sound tooth. By applying laser of different wavelengths, autofluorescence (AF) of sound tooth and resin products were obtained. Microhardness, X-ray radiograph, and DIAGNOdent were tested for each tooth, resin product, and resin-imbedded tooth.

Results

For the AF spectra obtained using the 405-nm wavelength, sound tooth has emission peak at 440–470 nm and near 490 nm. Sound tooth has several times higher microhardness than resin products regardless of position in tooth subsurface. Due to the difference of radiopaque fillers’ composition and concentration, resin products have different brightness in the X-ray radiograph. DIAGNOdent readings for tooth and resin products were inconsistently different, and the difference of obtained values was slightly not to be applicable for the differentiation.

Conclusion

Among the tested methods, with noninvasive treatment, AF spectrum by the 405-nm wavelength showed the apparent difference between resin and tooth.

Clinical significance

For the resin repair in a resin-imbedded tooth cavity, AF spectrum produced by 405-nm wavelength could be a useful method in tracing the resin-tooth boundary if combined with conventional X-ray radiography.

Keywords

Composite resin Tooth Fluorescence Microhardness DIAGNOdent X-ray image 

Notes

Funding information

This study was supported by Dental Research Grant (PNUDH-DRI 2015-04), Pusan National University Dental Hospital, Yangsan, Korea.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of DentistryPusan National UniversityYangsanSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of DentistryPusan National UniversityYangsanSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Orthodontics, School of DentistryUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.Department of Bioscience ResearchUniversity of Tennessee Health Science Center, College of DentistryMemphisUSA
  5. 5.Department of Dental Materials, School of DentistryPusan National UniversityYangsanSouth Korea

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