Glass ionomer cement inhibits secondary caries in an in vitro biofilm model
- 831 Downloads
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of different glass ionomer cements on secondary caries inhibition in a fully automated in vitro biofilm model.
Materials and methods
One hundred and twenty-four extracted third molars received class V cavities and were filled with one conventional (Ketac Molar/KM), and two resin-modified glass ionomer cements (Photac Fil/PF, Ketac N100/KN, 3M Espe). A bonded resin composite (Single Bond Plus/Filtek Supreme XTE) served as control. After 14 days water storage at 37 °C, specimens were thermocycled (10,000 × 5/55 °C). Over a period of 10 days, specimens were subjected to cariogenic challenge for 3/4/6 h/day. Demineralization was caused by Streptococcus mutans (DSM 20523) alternatingly being rinsed over specimens using artificial saliva. After biological loading, teeth were cut longitudinally and demineralization depths were evaluated at the margins and at a distance of 0.5 mm from the margins using fluorescence microscopy. Marginal quality was investigated under a SEM at ×200 magnification.
Four-hour demineralization depths were for enamel margins (EM), enamel (E), dentin margin (DM), and dentin (D) (μm ± SD): KM: EM 12 ± 8, E 33 ± 7, DM 56 ± 11, D 79 ± 6; PF: EM 19 ± 13, E 34 ± 13, DM 53 ± 10, D 77 ± 12; and KN: EM 26 ± 5, E 38 ± 6, DM 57 ± 11, D 71 ± 7. For all glass ionomer cements (GICs), demineralization depth at the margins was less compared to 0.5 mm distance, with demineralization depth having been correlated to duration of cariogenic challenge (ANOVA [mod. LSD, p < 0.05]). Compared to the bonded resin composite, all GICs exhibited caries inhibition at restoration margins in enamel and dentin.
Fluoride-releasing GIC materials exhibit a secondary caries inhibiting effect in vitro.
Glass ionomer cements have a higher secondary caries inhibiting effect than resin composites.
KeywordsArtificial mouth Caries model Glass ionomer cement Resin-modified glass ionomer cement Fluoride release Secondary caries Biofilm Secondary caries Resin composites Glass ionomer cements Demineralization
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The work was supported by the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Medical Center for Dentistry, University Medical Center Giessen and Marburg, Campus Giessen and the Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, Medical Center for Dentistry, University Medical Center Giessen and Marburg, Campus Marburg, Germany.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors. All procedures performed in studies involving human body parts i.e., human waste were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments. Ethical approval was provided.
Informed consent was obtained from all patients delivering extracted teeth.
- 29.de Moraes MD, de Melo MA, Bezerra DD, Costa LS, Saboia VP, Rodrigues LK (2015) Clinical study of the caries-preventive effect of resin-modified glass ionomer restorations: aging versus the influence of fluoride dentifrice. J Investig Clin Dent, EPub ahead of printGoogle Scholar