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Clinical Oral Investigations

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 1133–1141 | Cite as

Association between diabetes and the prevalence of radiolucent periapical lesions in root-filled teeth: systematic review and meta-analysis

  • Juan J. Segura-EgeaEmail author
  • Jenifer Martín-González
  • Daniel Cabanillas-Balsera
  • Ashraf F. Fouad
  • Eugenio Velasco-Ortega
  • José López-López
Review

Abstract

Introduction

The question of whether diabetes mellitus can influence the outcome of root canal treatment (RCT) remains unclear. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to analyze scientific available evidence on the association between diabetes and the presence of radiolucent periapical lesions (RPLs) in root-filled teeth (RFT).

Methods

The review question was as follows: in adult patients who had endodontically treated teeth, does the absence or presence of diabetes result in an increase in the prevalence of RPL associated to RFT? A systematic MEDLINE/PubMed, Wiley Online Database, Web of Science, and Scopus search was conducted using the following MeSH and keywords: Diabetes Mellitus OR Diabetes OR Diabetic OR Hyperglycemia, AND Endodontics, Periapical Periodontitis, Periapical Diseases, Apical Periodontitis, Periradicular Lesion, Periapical Radiolucency, Radiolucent Periapical Lesion, Root Canal Treatment, Root Canal Preparation, Root Canal Therapy, Root Filled Teeth, Endodontically Treated Teeth. Seven studies reporting data on the prevalence of RPL associated to RFT both in diabetic and control subjects were included.

Results

After the study selection, seven epidemiological studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria, representing data from 1593 root canal treatments, 1011 in non-diabetic control subjects, and 582 in diabetic patients. The calculated pooled odds ratio (OR = 1.42; 95 % CL = 1.11–1.80; p = 0.0058) indicates that diabetic patients have higher prevalence of RFT with RPLs than controls.

Conclusion

Available scientific evidence indicates that diabetes is significantly associated to higher prevalence of periapical radiolucencies in endodontically treated teeth, being an important putative pre-operative prognostic factor in RCT.

Clinical relevance

Taking into account that diabetes is the third most prevalent chronic medical condition among dental patients, endodontic providers should be aware of the relationship between the outcome of endodontic treatment and diabetes.

Keywords

Diabetes mellitus Meta-analysis Periapical inflammation Persistent apical periodontitis Root canal treatment outcome Root-filled teeth 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Funding

The work was supported by the Department of Stomatology, Endodontics Section, University of Sevilla, Seville, Spain.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Endodontic Section, Department of Stomatology, School of DentistryUniversity of SevillaSevilleSpain
  2. 2.Facultad de OdontologíaUniversidad de SevillaSevilleSpain
  3. 3.Department of EndodonticsUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA
  4. 4.Comprehensive Dentistry, Department of Stomatology, School of DentistryUniversity of SevillaSevilleSpain
  5. 5.Oral Medicine, Department of Odontostomatology, School of DentistryUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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