Clinical Oral Investigations

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 561–564 | Cite as

Synchrotron-based X-ray tomographic microscopy for visualization of three-dimensional collagen matrices

  • A. M. Pabst
  • W. Wagner
  • A. Kasaj
  • S. Gebhardt
  • M. Ackermann
  • A. Astolfo
  • F. Marone
  • D. Haberthür
  • F. Enzmann
  • Moritz A. KonerdingEmail author
Short Communication



Three-dimensional collagen matrices (3D-CMs) may be visualized by cumbersome reconstructions of serial sections. We report here on the method of synchrotron-based X-ray tomographic microscopy (SRXTM) to image 3D-CMs in native tissue probes.

Material and methods

SRXTM of 3D-CMs (mucoderm®, mucograft®) was performed at the TOMCAT beamline of the Swiss Light Source (SLS) at the Paul Scherrer Institute (Villigen, Switzerland).


SRXTM combines the advantages of high-resolution scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging with the low-resolution reconstructions of micro-CT (μCT) imaging. It may be used to non-destructively visualize and analyze structures within the 3D-CMs without the need of serial sectioning and reconstruction.


High-resolution SRXTM is a useful tool in analyzing the topology and morphometry of structures in 3D-CMs. The outcome justifies the efforts in sophisticated data processing.

Clinical relevance

SRXTM may help to understand the clinical characteristics of 3D-CMs in more detail.


Synchrotron radiation 3D visualization Morphometry Collagen matrix 



Synchrotron-based X-ray tomographic microscopy (SRXTM) experiments were facilitated by a research grant of the Swiss Light Source at the Paul Scherrer Institute (Villigen, Switzerland) to A.M. Pabst. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement no. 312284 for CALIPSO.

Conflict of interests

The authors declare no conflict of interests.

Supplementary material

784_2014_1312_MOESM1_ESM.mpg (121 mb)
Movie 1 Overview of a mucoderm® scan (white bar = 1,250 μm) (MPG 123,946 kb)
784_2014_1312_MOESM2_ESM.mpg (238.3 mb)
Movie 2 View on the surface layer of a mucoderm® scan in higher magnification (white bar = 400 μm) (MPG 244,052 kb)
784_2014_1312_MOESM3_ESM.mpg (111.6 mb)
Movie 3 Overview of a mucograft® scan (spongious layer; white bar = 1,200 μm) (MPG 114,236 kb)
784_2014_1312_MOESM4_ESM.mpg (160 mb)
Movie 4 Overview of the surface layer of a mucograft® scan (compact layer; white bar = 350 μm) (MPG 163,838 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Pabst
    • 1
    • 2
  • W. Wagner
    • 1
  • A. Kasaj
    • 5
  • S. Gebhardt
    • 6
  • M. Ackermann
    • 1
  • A. Astolfo
    • 3
  • F. Marone
    • 3
  • D. Haberthür
    • 3
  • F. Enzmann
    • 4
  • Moritz A. Konerding
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Functional and Clinical AnatomyUniversity Medical Center MainzMainzGermany
  2. 2.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryUniversity Medical Center MainzMainzGermany
  3. 3.Swiss Light SourcePaul Scherrer Institute (PSI)VilligenSwitzerland
  4. 4.Institute of GeosciencesJohannes Gutenberg University of MainzMainzGermany
  5. 5.Department of Operative DentistryUniversity Medical Center MainzMainzGermany
  6. 6.Institute of Sport Sciences, Division for Rehabilitation and Sports MedicineJohannes Gutenberg University of MainzMainzGermany

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