Clinical Oral Investigations

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 729–736 | Cite as

Effect of sonic application mode on the resin–dentin bond strength and nanoleakage of simplified self-etch adhesive

  • Alexandra Mena-SerranoEmail author
  • Eugenio Jose Garcia
  • Alessandro Dourado Loguercio
  • Alessandra Reis
Original Article



This study aims to evaluate the effect of different application modes on the immediate and 6-month resin–dentin bond strength (μTBS) and nanoleakage in the hybrid and adhesive layers.

Materials and methods

Three 1-step self-etch adhesives (One Coat 7.0 (OC), Clearfil S3 Bond (CS), and FuturaBond NR (FB)) were applied on a flat superficial dentin surface of 30 human molars under manual mode or sonic vibration at a frequency of 170 Hz (SV). Composite build-ups were constructed incrementally; specimens were sectioned to obtain resin–dentin sticks with cross-sectional area of 0.8 mm2 and tested in tension (0.5 mm/min) immediately (IM) or after 6 months (6M) of water storage. Two bonded sticks, from each tooth at each storage time, were immersed in a silver nitrate solution, photo-developed, and analyzed under scanning electron microscopy. The amount of nanoleakage was measured using the ImageTool 3.0 software. Data, from each adhesive, were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (α = 0.05).


OC and CS showed higher μTBS and lower nanoleakage in the IM period when applied with SV groups. For FB, no significant difference was observed between the two modes of application. All materials showed lower nanoleakage in the SV groups. Higher nanoleakage was observed after 6M for OC and FB.


The sonic application mode at an oscillating frequency of 170 Hz can improve the resin–dentin μTBS, reduce the nanoleakage, and retard the degradation of the resin–dentin μTBS of Clearfil S3 Bond and One Coat 7.0 adhesives.

Clinical significance

Sonic application mode at an oscillating frequency of 170 Hz can be helpful and easy to use in dental practice to guaranty long-lasting restorations.


Tensile strength Dentin-bonding agents Dentin Dental restoration Permanent 



This study was performed by Alexandra Mena Serrana as partial fulfillment of her MS degree at the State University of Ponta Grossa.

Conflict of interests

A. Reis and A. D. Loguercio are involved in the development of the sonic device employed in this study.

Supplementary material


(WMV 8534 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexandra Mena-Serrano
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eugenio Jose Garcia
    • 2
  • Alessandro Dourado Loguercio
    • 1
  • Alessandra Reis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of DentistryState University of Ponta GrossaPonta GrossaBrazil
  2. 2.São PauloBrazil

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