Effect of surface treatment on the initial bond strength of different luting cements to zirconium oxide ceramic

Original Article

Abstract

The objective of this study was to compare the shear bond strength to zirconium oxide ceramic of adhesive-phosphate-monomer-containing (APM) and non-APM-containing (nAPM) luting cements after different surface treatments. nAPM cements: Bifix QM, Dual Cement, Duo Cement Plus, Multilink Automix, ParaCem Universal DC, PermaCem Smartmix, RelyX ARC, Variolink Ultra, and Variolink II; APM cements: Panavia EX, Panavia F2.0, and RelyX UniCem. Groups of ten test specimens were each prepared by layering luting cement, using cylindrical Teflon molds, onto differently treated zirconium dioxide discs. The surface treatments were airborne-particle abrasion with 110 μm alumina particles, silica coating (SC) using 30 μm alumina particles modified by silica (Rocatec System) or SC and silanization. Bifix QM and Multilink Automix were used in combination with an additional bonding/priming agent recommended by the manufacturers. After 48 h of water storage, each specimen was subjected to a shear test. Combinations involving APM-containing cements (14.41–23.88 MPa) generally exhibited higher shear bond strength than those without APM (4.29–17.34 MPa). Exceptions were Bifix QM (14.20–25.11 MPa) and Multilink Automix (19.14–23.09 MPa) in combination with system-specific silane or priming agent, which were on the upper end of shear bond strength values. With the use of the Rocatec system, a partially significant increase in shear bond strength could be achieved in nAPM cement. Modified surface treatment modalities increased the bond strength to zirconium oxide, although the most important factor in achieving a strong bond was the selection of a suitable cement. System-specific priming or bonding agents lead to further improvement.

Keywords

Bond strength Luting cements Zirconium oxide Surface treatment Ceramic Zirconia 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors would like to thank all named companies for providing the materials used in this study.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. P. Nothdurft
    • 1
  • P. J. Motter
    • 1
  • P. R. Pospiech
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Dental Materials SciencesDental School and Clinics, Saarland UniversityHomburg/SaarGermany

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