Clinical Oral Investigations

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 206–210 | Cite as

The safety and efficacy of a powered toothbrush on soft tissues in patients with implant-supported fixed prostheses

  • B. Vandekerckhove
  • M. Quirynen
  • P. R. Warren
  • J. Strate
  • D. van Steenberghe
Original Article


The safety, efficacy and acceptability of an oscillating/rotating powered toothbrush was assessed in patients rehabilitated with fixed prostheses on implants. One hundred consecutive patients (aged 18–80; mean 56.3; 51 females), who met the inclusion/exclusion criteria and who participated in a regular annual recall scheme, were enrolled. They were instructed on how to use the powered toothbrush, as well as on classical interdental plaque control. The electric toothbrush had to be used twice daily for 2 min. The following periodontal parameters were measured at baseline and at 3 months, 6 months and 12 months: presence/absence of gingival and/or mucosal ulceration/desquamation; sulcus bleeding index; probing pocket depth; periodontal pocket-bleeding index and gingival recession. At 3 months and at the end of the study, patients completed a questionnaire concerning the overall acceptability and convenience of the powered toothbrush, as compared with their habitual manual toothbrush. A total of 80 patients completed the study. No dropouts were related to the use of the powered toothbrush. All parameters improved over the course of the study. The mean overall pocket depth decreased from 3.3 mm at baseline to 3.0 mm at 12 months, while the mean decrease in recession was 0.1 mm at 12 months. During the 1-year observation, there was a slight gain in periodontal attachment level. Gingival ulcerations were not observed at any point in the study. High scores for convenience and comfort of the powered toothbrush were reported, and the majority (95%) said that they would continue to use it for habitual oral hygiene. It is concluded that the powered toothbrush investigated is effective, safe and comfortable for patients rehabilitated by means of oral implant-supported prostheses.


Powered toothbrush Implants Periodontology Electric toothbrush 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Vandekerckhove
    • 1
  • M. Quirynen
    • 1
  • P. R. Warren
    • 2
  • J. Strate
    • 2
  • D. van Steenberghe
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Oral Pathology and Maxillo-Facial SurgeryFaculty of Medicine, Catholic University of LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Braun A.A.G.KronbergGermany

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