Personal and Ubiquitous Computing

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 521–535 | Cite as

Comparison of detailed occupancy profile generative methods to published standard diversity profiles

  • Dimosthenis Ioannidis
  • Marina Vidaurre-Arbizu
  • Cesar Martin-Gomez
  • Stelios Krinidis
  • Ioannis Moschos
  • Amaia Zuazua-Ros
  • Dimitrios Tzovaras
  • Spiridon Likothanassis
Original Article


Occupancy schedules in building spaces play an important role in evaluating a building’s energy performance. This work seeks to identify disparities between different occupancy estimation techniques; standardised occupancy profiles found in literature, business processes’ based profiles through interviews and accurate profiles from real on-field measurements. The occupancy diversity profiles of secondary spaces in a healthcare facility building are analysed through descriptive statistics and t test methods over different time horizons. Occupancy measurements are obtained by utilising a novel, robust and highly accurate real-time occupancy extraction system which is established through a network of depth cameras. Results indicate that the utilisation of real occupancy data, along with elaboration of the business processes that take place in building spaces have the potential to support more precise profiles in Building Performance Simulation software tools.


Occupancy Diversity factors Business process model Energy performance Building simulation Depth cameras 



This work has been partially supported by the European Commission through the projects FP7 ICT STREP-288150-Adapt4EE and HORIZON 2020-RESEARCH and INNOVATION ACTIONS (RIA)-696129-GREENSOUL.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimosthenis Ioannidis
    • 1
    • 3
  • Marina Vidaurre-Arbizu
    • 2
  • Cesar Martin-Gomez
    • 2
  • Stelios Krinidis
    • 1
  • Ioannis Moschos
    • 1
  • Amaia Zuazua-Ros
    • 2
  • Dimitrios Tzovaras
    • 1
  • Spiridon Likothanassis
    • 3
  1. 1.Information Technologies InstituteCentre for Research and Technology HellasThermi, ThessaloníkiGreece
  2. 2.Department of Construction, Building Services and StructuresUniversidad de NavarraPamplonaSpain
  3. 3.Computer Engineering and InformaticsUniversity of PatrasRio, PatrasGreece

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