Personal and Ubiquitous Computing

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 121–145 | Cite as

Guided by music: pedestrian and cyclist navigation with route and beacon guidance

Original Article

Abstract

Music listening and navigation are both common tasks for mobile device users. In this study, we integrated music listening with a navigation service, allowing users to follow the perceived direction of the music to reach their destination. This navigation interface provided users with two different guidance methods: route guidance and beacon guidance. The user experience of the navigation service was evaluated with pedestrians in a city center and with cyclists in a suburban area. The results show that spatialized music can be used to guide pedestrians and cyclists toward a destination without any prior training, offering a pleasant navigation experience. Both route and beacon guidance were deemed good alternatives, but the preference between them varied from person to person and depended on the situation. Beacon guidance was generally considered to be suitable for familiar surroundings, while route guidance was seen as a better alternative for areas that are unfamiliar or more difficult to navigate.

Keywords

Navigation Walking Cycling Music Spatial audio 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research leading to these results has received funding from Nokia Technologies. The authors would like to thank all participants in the user studies for their feedback and suggestions, as well as David McGookin for comments and discussion.

References

  1. 1.
    Jones M, Jones S, Bradley G, Warren N, Bainbridge D, Holmes G (2008) ONTRACK: dynamically adapting music playback to support navigation. Pers Ubiquit Comput 12(7):513–525. doi: 10.1007/s00779-007-0155-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Strachan S, Eslambolchilar P, Murray-Smith R, Hughes S, O’Modhrain S (2005) GpsTunes: controlling navigation via audio feedback. In: Proceedings of the MobileHCI ’05, Salzburg, Austria, pp 275–278. doi: 10.1145/1085777.1085831
  3. 3.
    Etter R, Specht M (2005) Melodious walkabout: implicit navigation with contextualized personal audio contents. In: Adjunct proceedings of the 3rd international conference on pervasive computing, Munich, Germany, pp 43–49Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zwinderman M, Zavialova T, Tetteroo D, Lehouck P (2011) Oh music, where art thou? In: Proceedings of the MobileHCI ’11, Stockholm, Sweden, pp 533–538. doi: 10.1145/2037373.2037456
  5. 5.
    Fujimoto E, Turk M (2014) Non-visual navigation using combined audio music and haptic cues. In: Proceedings of the 16th international conference on multimodal interaction, Istanbul, Turkey, pp 411–418. doi: 10.1145/2663204.2663243
  6. 6.
    Calvo A, Finomore V, Burnett G, McNitt T (2013) Evaluation of a mobile application for multimodal land navigation. Proc Hum Fact Ergon Soc Annu Meet 57(1):1997–2001. doi: 10.1177/1541931213571446 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Calvo A, Finomore V, McNitt T, Burnett G (2014) Demonstration and evaluation of an eyes-free mobile navigation system. Proc Hum Fact Ergon Soc Annu Meet 58(1):1238–1241. doi: 10.1177/1541931214581258 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Liljedahl M, Lindberg S, Delsing K, Polojärvi M, Saloranta T, Alakärppä I (2012) Testing two tools for multimodal navigation. Adv Hum Comput Interact. doi: 10.1155/2012/251384
  9. 9.
    Väänänen R, Vesa S, Hämäläinen M (2014) Testing the user experience of an augmented reality headset and 3D audio-guided pedestrian navigation. In: 55th international Audio Engineering Society conference, Helsinki, FinlandGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Blauert J (1997) Spatial hearing: the psychophysics of human sound localization. MIT Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Begault DR, Wenzel EM (1992) Techniques and applications for binaural sound manipulation in human–machine interfaces. Int J Aviat Psychol 2(1):1–22. doi: 10.1207/s15327108ijap0201_1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Begault DR, Wenzel EM, Anderson MR (2001) Direct comparison of the impact of head tracking, reverberation, and individualized head-related transfer functions on the spatial perception of a virtual speech source. J Audio Eng Soc 49(10):904–916Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Klatzky RL, Marston JR, Giudice NA, Golledge RG, Loomis JM (2006) Cognitive load of navigating without vision when guided by virtual sound versus spatial language. J Exp Psychol Appl 12(4):223–232. doi: 10.1037/1076-898X.12.4.223 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lokki T, Gröhn M, Savioja L, Takala T (2000) A case study of auditory navigation in virtual acoustic environments. In: Proceedings of the 6th international conference on auditory display, Atlanta, GA, USA, pp 145–150Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Larsen CH, Lauritsen DS, Larsen JJ, Pilgaard M, Madsen JB (2013) Differences in human audio localization performance between a HRTF- and a non-HRTF audio system. In: Proceedings of the 8th Audio Mostly conference, Piteå, Sweden. doi: 10.1145/2544114.2544118
  16. 16.
    Gonot A, Chateau N, Emerit M (2006) Usability of 3D-sound for navigation in a constrained virtual environment. In: Audio Engineering Society convention no. 120, Paris, France, paper no. 6800Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tran TV, Letowski T, Abouchacra KS (2000) Evaluation of acoustic beacon characteristics for navigation tasks. Ergonomics 43(6):807–827. doi: 10.1080/001401300404760 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tikander M, Karjalainen M, Riikonen V (2008) An augmented reality audio headset. In: Proceedings of the 11th international conference on digital audio effects, Espoo, Finland, pp 181–184Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Pielot M, Poppinga B, Heuten W, Boll S (2012) Tacticycle: supporting exploratory bicycle trips. In: Proceedings of the MobileHCI ’12, San Francisco, CA, USA, pp 369–378. doi: 10.1145/2371574.2371631
  20. 20.
    Lichenstein R, Smith DC, Ambrose JL, Moody LA (2012) Headphone use and pedestrian injury and death in the United States: 2004–2011. Inj Prev 18(5):287–290. doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2011-040161 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Jensen BS, Skov MB, Thiruravichandran N (2010) Studying driver attention and behaviour for three configurations of GPS navigation in real traffic driving. In: Proceedings of the CHI ’10, Atlanta, GA, USA, pp 1271–1280. doi: 10.1145/1753326.1753517
  22. 22.
    Thompson LL, Rivara FP, Ayyagari RC, Ebel BE (2013) Impact of social and technological distraction on pedestrian crossing behaviour: an observational study. Inj Prev 19(4):232–237. doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2012-040601 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Walker EJ, Lanthier SN, Risko EF, Kingstone A (2012) The effects of personal music devices on pedestrian behaviour. Saf Sci 50(1):123–128. doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2011.07.011 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Nasar J, Hecht P, Wener R (2008) Mobile telephones, distracted attention, and pedestrian safety. Accid Anal Prev 40(1):69–75. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2007.04.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    de Waard D, Schepers P, Ormel W, Brookhuis K (2010) Mobile phone use while cycling: incidence and effects on behaviour and safety. Ergonomics 53(1):30–42. doi: 10.1080/00140130903381180 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Wenzel EM (2001) Effect of increasing system latency on localization of virtual sounds with short and long duration. In: Proceedings of the 7th international conference on auditory display, Espoo, Finland, pp 185–190Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Brown B, Laurier E (2012) The normal, natural troubles of driving with GPS. In: Proceedings of the CHI ’12, Austin, TX, USA, pp 1621–1630. doi: 10.1145/2207676.2208285
  28. 28.
    Liljedahl M, Lindberg S (2011) Sound parameters for expressing geographic distance in a mobile navigation application. In: Proceedings of the 6th Audio Mostly conference, Coimbra, Portugal, pp 1–7. doi: 10.1145/2095667.2095668
  29. 29.
    Hussain I, Chen L, Mirza HT, Xing K, Chen G (2014) A comparative study of sonification methods to represent distance and forward-direction in pedestrian navigation. Int J Hum Comput Interact 30(9):740–751. doi: 10.1080/10447318.2014.925381 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Albrecht
    • 1
  • Riitta Väänänen
    • 2
  • Tapio Lokki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceAalto UniversityEspooFinland
  2. 2.Nokia TechnologiesEspooFinland

Personalised recommendations