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Personal and Ubiquitous Computing

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 335–353 | Cite as

Mobile phones as medical devices in mental disorder treatment: an overview

  • Franz Gravenhorst
  • Amir Muaremi
  • Jakob Bardram
  • Agnes Grünerbl
  • Oscar Mayora
  • Gabriel Wurzer
  • Mads Frost
  • Venet Osmani
  • Bert Arnrich
  • Paul Lukowicz
  • Gerhard Tröster
Original Article

Abstract

Mental disorders can have a significant, negative impact on sufferers’ lives, as well as on their friends and family, healthcare systems and other parts of society. Approximately 25 % of all people in Europe and the USA experience a mental disorder at least once in their lifetime. Currently, monitoring mental disorders relies on subjective clinical self-reporting rating scales, which were developed more than 50 years ago. In this paper, we discuss how mobile phones can support the treatment of mental disorders by (1) implementing human–computer interfaces to support therapy and (2) collecting relevant data from patients’ daily lives to monitor the current state and development of their mental disorders. Concerning the first point, we review various systems that utilize mobile phones for the treatment of mental disorders. We also evaluate how their core design features and dimensions can be applied in other, similar systems. Concerning the second point, we highlight the feasibility of using mobile phones to collect comprehensive data including voice data, motion and location information. Data mining methods are also reviewed and discussed. Based on the presented studies, we summarize advantages and drawbacks of the most promising mobile phone technologies for detecting mood disorders like depression or bipolar disorder. Finally, we discuss practical implementation details, legal issues and business models for the introduction of mobile phones as medical devices.

Keywords

Mobile phone Medical device Mental disorder 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Thanks go to Rosa Brown (www.topproofreading.com) for proofreading the manuscript. This Project is sponsored by the European Project MONARCA in the 7th Framework Program under Contract Number: 248545.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Franz Gravenhorst
    • 1
  • Amir Muaremi
    • 1
  • Jakob Bardram
    • 2
  • Agnes Grünerbl
    • 3
  • Oscar Mayora
    • 5
  • Gabriel Wurzer
    • 4
  • Mads Frost
    • 2
  • Venet Osmani
    • 5
  • Bert Arnrich
    • 6
  • Paul Lukowicz
    • 3
  • Gerhard Tröster
    • 1
  1. 1.Wearable Computing LabETH ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.ITU CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  3. 3.DFKITU KaiserslauternKaiserslauternGermany
  4. 4.Vienna University of TechnologyViennaAustria
  5. 5.CREATE-NETTrentoItaly
  6. 6.Boğaziçi UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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