The VLDB Journal

, Volume 23, Issue 6, pp 939–964 | Cite as

The Stratosphere platform for big data analytics

  • Alexander Alexandrov
  • Rico Bergmann
  • Stephan Ewen
  • Johann-Christoph Freytag
  • Fabian Hueske
  • Arvid Heise
  • Odej Kao
  • Marcus Leich
  • Ulf Leser
  • Volker Markl
  • Felix Naumann
  • Mathias Peters
  • Astrid Rheinländer
  • Matthias J. Sax
  • Sebastian Schelter
  • Mareike Höger
  • Kostas TzoumasEmail author
  • Daniel Warneke
Regular Paper


We present Stratosphere, an open-source software stack for parallel data analysis. Stratosphere brings together a unique set of features that allow the expressive, easy, and efficient programming of analytical applications at very large scale. Stratosphere’s features include “in situ” data processing, a declarative query language, treatment of user-defined functions as first-class citizens, automatic program parallelization and optimization, support for iterative programs, and a scalable and efficient execution engine. Stratosphere covers a variety of “Big Data” use cases, such as data warehousing, information extraction and integration, data cleansing, graph analysis, and statistical analysis applications. In this paper, we present the overall system architecture design decisions, introduce Stratosphere through example queries, and then dive into the internal workings of the system’s components that relate to extensibility, programming model, optimization, and query execution. We experimentally compare Stratosphere against popular open-source alternatives, and we conclude with a research outlook for the next years.


Big data Parallel databases Query processing Query Optimization Data cleansing Text mining Graph processing Distributed systems 



We would like to thank the Master students that worked on the Stratosphere project and implemented many components of the system: Thomas Bodner, Christoph Brücke, Erik Nijkamp, Max Heimel, Moritz Kaufmann, Aljoscha Krettek, Matthias Ringwald, Tommy Neubert, Fabian Tschirschnitz, Tobias Heintz, Erik Diessler, Thomas Stolltmann.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander Alexandrov
    • 1
  • Rico Bergmann
    • 2
  • Stephan Ewen
    • 1
  • Johann-Christoph Freytag
    • 2
  • Fabian Hueske
    • 1
  • Arvid Heise
    • 3
  • Odej Kao
    • 1
  • Marcus Leich
    • 1
  • Ulf Leser
    • 2
  • Volker Markl
    • 1
  • Felix Naumann
    • 3
  • Mathias Peters
    • 2
  • Astrid Rheinländer
    • 2
  • Matthias J. Sax
    • 2
  • Sebastian Schelter
    • 1
  • Mareike Höger
    • 1
  • Kostas Tzoumas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Daniel Warneke
    • 4
  1. 1.Technische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Humboldt-Universität zu BerlinBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Hasso Plattner InstitutePotsdamGermany
  4. 4.International Computer Science InstituteBerkeleyUSA

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