Periosteal osteosarcoma with secondary bone marrow involvement: a case report
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Periosteal osteosarcoma is an exceedingly rare type of chondroblastic osteosarcoma, showing a rather good prognosis, and secondary bone marrow involvement is unusual. However, there have been some reports describing periosteal sarcoma involving medullary bone. We encountered a patient, a 38-year-old man, who had a bone surface tumor in the left tibia. An X-ray showed an erosive cortical mass extraosseous portion, located in the diaphysis of the tibia. Other images revealed a thin cortex, periosteal reactions, coarse mineralization in the extraosseous portion, and bone marrow involvement. Grossly, surgical materials showed that the tumor mainly existed at the periosteal portion, only a part of the cortex was destroyed, and there was medullary involvement throughout. Histological examinations showed a predominantly chondroid component with malignant osteoid formation. On the basis of the histological macroscopic and microscopic findings, we made the diagnosis of periosteal osteosarcoma with secondary bone marrow involvement.
Key wordsPeriosteal osteosarcoma Medullary bone involvement Surgery
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