Variable forms of soluble guanylyl cyclase: protein-ligand interactions and the issue of activation by carbon monoxide
, the resting Fe(II) state is mainly 6-coordinate and low-spin, and the CO adduct has vibrational frequencies characteristic of a histidine-heme-CO complex in a hydrophobic environment. In contrast, the protein sGC2 is 5-coordinate, high-spin in the resting state, and the CO adduct has perturbed vibrational frequencies indicative of a negatively polarizing residue in the binding pocket. The differences may result from the need to reconstitute sGC1 or different isolation procedures for sGC1 versus sGC2. However, both sGC1 and sGC2 are activated by the same mechanism, namely displacement of the proximal histidine ligand upon NO binding, and neither one is activated by CO. If CO is an activator in vivo, some additional molecular component is required.
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