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JBIC Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry

, Volume 23, Issue 8, pp 1185–1204 | Cite as

Potential applications of engineered nanoparticles in medicine and biology: an update

  • Gudepalya Renukaiah Rudramurthy
  • Mallappa Kumara Swamy
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Abstract

Nanotechnology advancements have led to the development of its allied fields, such as nanoparticle synthesis and their applications in the field of biomedicine. Nanotechnology driven innovations have given a hope to the patients as well as physicians in solving the complex medical problems. Nanoparticles with a size ranging from 0.2 to 100 nm are associated with an increased surface to volume ratio. Moreover, the physico-chemical and biological properties of nanoparticles can be modified depending on the applications. Different nanoparticles have been documented with a wide range of applications in various fields of medicine and biology including cancer therapy, drug delivery, tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, biomolecules detection, and also as antimicrobial agents. However, the development of stable and effective nanoparticles requires a profound knowledge on both physico-chemical features of nanomaterials and their intended applications. Further, the health risks associated with the use of engineered nanoparticles needs a serious attention.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Biomedicine Biomolecule detection Cancer therapy Drug delivery Engineered nanoparticles Regenerative medicine Tissue engineering 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare no conflict of interest.

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© SBIC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyEast West College of ScienceBengaluruIndia
  2. 2.Department of Crop Science, Faculty of AgricultureUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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