Predictive factors for the efficacy of denosumab in postmenopausal Japanese women with non-metastatic breast cancer receiving adjuvant aromatase inhibitors: a combined analysis of two prospective clinical trials
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Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are the gold standard therapy for breast cancer in postmenopausal women. AI suppresses the conversion of androgens to estrogens; however, this results in osteopenia, osteoporosis, and bone fracture, thus reducing the patient’s quality of life. The use of adjuvant denosumab reduces the risk of clinical fractures in postmenopausal patients with breast cancer receiving AI. However, the efficacy of denosumab in the treatment of AI-associated bone loss has not been prospectively evaluated in Japan. In this study, we aimed to investigate the predictive factors for the efficacy of denosumab in postmenopausal patients with breast cancer treated with AI by analyzing the results of two prospective trials. The patients received 60 mg denosumab subcutaneously every 6 months. The primary endpoint was percentage change in lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) from baseline to month 12 in lumbar spine. Post hoc analysis and T tests were performed. A total of 205 patients were enrolled. At 12 and 24 months, the lumbar spine BMD increased by 5.6% [95% confidence interval (CI) 4.9–6.3] and 8.3% (95% CI 7.5–9.1), respectively. Subgroup analysis was conducted according to the time of AI therapy initiation, type of AI therapy, age, time since menopause, baseline body mass index, and BMD. The results showed that baseline lumbar and left femoral BMD was significantly associated with a percentage change in these sites, respectively. In addition, baseline left femoral BMD was also associated with a change in lumbar BMD. In conclusion, the baseline BMD in the lumbar spine was a predictive indicator for the efficacy of denosumab in this site and the baseline BMD in left femoral neck was a predictive indicator in lumbar spine and left femur.
KeywordsBreast cancer Aromatase inhibitor Denosumab Predictive factor
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Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
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