Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 103–110 | Cite as

Prevalence of vertebral fracture and densitometric osteoporosis in Spanish adult men: The Camargo Cohort Study

  • José M. Olmos
  • José L. Hernández
  • Josefina Martínez
  • Emilio Pariente
  • Jesús Castillo
  • Daniel Prieto-Alhambra
  • Jesús González-Macías
Original Article


The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of densitometric osteoporosis and vertebral fractures in Spanish men aged ≥50 years, and to study how the relationship between them may change depending on how osteoporosis is diagnosed. A community-based population of 1003 men aged ≥50 years was studied. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by DXA at the lumbar spine, femoral neck and total hip. Vertebral fractures were assessed by lateral thoracic and lumbar spine radiographs. The prevalence of osteoporosis was estimated with both the World Health Organization (WHO) (T-score of <−2.5 at the femoral neck, calculated using the young white female normal reference database) and the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) criteria (T-score of <−2.5 at the femoral neck, total hip or lumbar spine, calculated using the young white male normal reference database). The prevalence of osteoporosis using the WHO criterion was 1.1% and using the NOF criterion was 13%, while that of vertebral fractures was 21.3%. The area under the curve (AUC) for the relationship between BMD and vertebral fracture prevalence was 0.64. The odds ratio for osteoporosis using the WHO definition was 2.57 (p = 0.13), and 1.78 (p = 0.007) using the NOF definition. Vertebral fracture prevalence rose with age. The prevalence of osteoporosis increased only moderately in men aged >70 years with the WHO criterion, and showed no change using the NOF definition. The prevalence of osteoporosis in Spanish men using the WHO definition is too small to have any meaningful clinical use. Although the figure is higher using the NOF definition, it would seem that population-based studies of BMD in men are of questionable value.


Vertebral fracture Osteoporosis Bone mineral density Men 



Funded by grants from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (PI15/00521), and the National Network for Aging Studies (RETICEF, Red Temática de Investigación Cooperativa en Envejecimiento y Fragilidad) (RD12/0043/0009), that included FEDER funds from the EU, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Spain.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

774_2017_812_MOESM1_ESM.docx (24 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 23 kb)


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer Japan 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineHospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla-IDIVAL, Universidad de CantabriaSantanderSpain
  2. 2.Red Temática de Investigación Cooperativa en Envejecimiento y Fragilidad (RETICEF)Instituto de Salud Carlos IIISantanderSpain
  3. 3.Clinical Biochemistry ServiceHospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla-IDIVAL, Universidad de CantabriaSantanderSpain
  4. 4.Centro de Salud de CamargoUniversidad de CantabriaSantanderSpain
  5. 5.GREMPAL Research Group, Idiap Jordi Gol Primary Care Research Institute, Hospital del Mar-IMIMUniversitat Autònoma de Barcelona, RETICEF, Instituto de Salud Carlos IIIBarcelonaSpain
  6. 6.Oxford NIHR Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology, and Musculoskeletal SciencesUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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