Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 355–358 | Cite as

Atypical femoral fracture in a patient treated with denosumab

  • Kareeann Sok Fun Khow
  • Tuck Yean Yong
Case Report


Atypical fractures of the femur (AFF) have been reported in the literature at an increasing rate over the past decade, especially in patients who have been on prolonged courses of bisphosphonates. However, there have only been a few reported cases of AFF in those treated with other antiresorptive medications. In this case report, a 72-year-old woman with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and osteoporosis presented with an atraumatic right femoral fracture in the setting of denosumab use. In contrast with other reports, this patient had received bisphosphonate therapy for a short duration before the switch to denosumab. While causality between the fracture and denosumab use cannot be established in this case, there is a growing number of reports of a similar association. Ongoing vigilance is required to determine whether denosumab is associated with or potentially a cause of AFF.


Atypical femoral fractures Denosumab Osteoporosis 


Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer Japan 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Aged and Extended CareThe Queen Elizabeth Hospital and University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Flinders Private HospitalAdelaideAustralia

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