Advertisement

Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 247–257 | Cite as

Diagnostic criteria for primary osteoporosis: year 2012 revision

  • Satoshi SoenEmail author
  • Masao Fukunaga
  • Toshitsugu Sugimoto
  • Teruki Sone
  • Saeko Fujiwara
  • Naoto Endo
  • Itsuo Gorai
  • Masataka Shiraki
  • Hiroshi Hagino
  • Takayuki Hosoi
  • Hiroaki Ohta
  • Toshiyuki Yoneda
  • Tatsushi Tomomitsu
  • Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Japan Osteoporosis Society Joint Review Committee for the Revision of the Diagnostic Criteria for Primary Osteoporosis
Special Report

Abstract

In 1995, the Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Metabolism (now the Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research) established the Osteoporosis Diagnostic Criteria Review Committee. Following discussion held at the 13th scientific meeting of the Society in 1996, the Committee, with the consensus of its members, proposed diagnostic criteria for primary osteoporosis. The Committee revised those criteria in 1998 and again in 2000. The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Japan Osteoporosis Society Joint Review Committee for the Revision of the Diagnostic Criteria for Primary Osteoporosis aimed at obtaining international consistency and made a revised edition based on the new findings in 2012.

Keywords

Diagnostic criteria Primary osteoporosis BMD Fragility fracture 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None.

References

  1. 1.
    Orimo H, Hayashi Y, Fukunaga M, Sone T, Fujiwara S, Shiraki M, Kushida K, Miyamoto S, Soen S, Nishimura J, Oh-hashi Y, Hosoi T, Gorai I, Tanaka H, Igai T, Kishimoto H (2001) Diagnostic criteria for primary osteoporosis: year 2000 revision. J Bone Miner Metab 19:331–337PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nawata H, Soen S, Takayanagi R, Tanaka I, Takaoka K, Fukunaga M, Matsumoto T, Suzuki Y, Tanaka Y, Fujiwara S, Miki T, Sagawa A, Nishizawa Y, Seino Y (2005) Guidelines on the management and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis of the Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research (2004). J Bone Miner Metab 23:105–109PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Klotzbuecher CM, Ross PD, Landsman PB, Abbott TH III, Berger M (2000) Patients with prior fractures have an increased risk of future fractures: a summary of the literature and statistical synthesis. J Bone Miner Res 15:721–739PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kanis JA, Johnell O, De Laet C, Johansson H, Oden A, Delmas P, Eisman J, Fujiwara S, Garnero P, Kroger H, McCloskey EV, Mellstrom D, Melton LJ, Pols H, Reeve J, Silman A, Tenenhouse A (2004) A meta-analysis of previous fracture and subsequent fracture risk. Bone 35:375–382PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fujiwara S, Kasagi F, Masunari N, Naito K, Suzuki G, Fukunaga M (2003) Fracture prediction vertebral fracture in a Japanese men and women. J Bone Miner Res 18:1547–1553PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Colón-Emeric C, Kuchibhatla M, Pieper C, Hawkers W, Fredman L, Magaziner J, Zimmerman S, Lyles KW (2003) The contribution of hip fracture to risk of subsequent fractures: data from two longitudinal studies. Osteoporos Int 14:879–883PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ojo F, Snih SA, Ray LA, Raji MA, Markides KS (2007) History of fractures as predictor of subsequent hip and nonhip fractures among older Mexican Americans. J Natl Med Assoc 99:412–418PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    The Japanese Committee for Developing Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis (2006) Japanese 2006 Guidelines for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. Life Science Publishing, Tokyo (Japanese)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Orito S, Kuroda T, Onoe Y, Sato Y, Ohta H (2009) Age-related distribution of bone and skeletal parameters in 1,322 Japanese young women. J Bone Miner Metab 27:698–704PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Marcus R, Wang O, Satterwhite J, Mitlak B (2003) The skeletal response to teriparatide is largely independent of age, initial bone mineral density, and prevalent vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res 18:18–23PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shiraki M, Kuroda T, Miyakawa N, Fujinawa N, Tanzawa K, Ishizuka A, Tanaka S, Tanaka Y, Hosoi T, Ito E, Morimoto S, Itabashi A, Sugimoto T, Yamashita T, Gorai I, Mori S, Kishimoto H, Mizumuma H, Endo N, Nishizawa Y, Takaoka K, Ohashi Y, Ohta H, Fukunaga M, Nakamura T, Orimo H (2011) Design of a pragmatic approach to evaluate the effectiveness of concurrent treatment for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures: rationale, aims and organization of a Japanese Osteoporosis Intervention Trial (JOINT) initiated by the Research Group of Adequate Treatment of Osteoporosis (A-TOP). J Bone Miner Metab 29:37–43PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gallagher JC, Genant HK, Crans GG, Vargas SJ, Krege JH (2005) Teriparatide reduces the fracture risk associated with increasing number and severity of osteoporotic fractures. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90:1583–1587PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Genant HK, Wu CY, van Kuijk C, Nevitt MC (1993) Vertebral fracture assessment using a semiquantitative technique. J Bone Miner Res 8:1137–1148PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bliuc D, Nguyen ND, Milch VE, Nguyen TV, Eisman JA, Center JR (2009) Mortality risk associated with low-trauma osteoporotic fracture and subsequent fracture in men and women. JAMA 301:513–521PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer Japan 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satoshi Soen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Masao Fukunaga
    • 2
  • Toshitsugu Sugimoto
    • 3
  • Teruki Sone
    • 4
  • Saeko Fujiwara
    • 5
  • Naoto Endo
    • 6
  • Itsuo Gorai
    • 7
  • Masataka Shiraki
    • 8
  • Hiroshi Hagino
    • 9
  • Takayuki Hosoi
    • 10
  • Hiroaki Ohta
    • 11
  • Toshiyuki Yoneda
    • 12
  • Tatsushi Tomomitsu
    • 13
  • Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Japan Osteoporosis Society Joint Review Committee for the Revision of the Diagnostic Criteria for Primary Osteoporosis
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rheumatology, Nara HospitalKinki University School of MedicineIkomaJapan
  2. 2.Kawasaki Medical SchoolKurashikiJapan
  3. 3.Internal Medicine 1Shimane University Faculty of MedicineIzumoJapan
  4. 4.Department of Nuclear MedicineKawasaki Medical SchoolKurashikiJapan
  5. 5.Health Management and Promotion CenterHiroshima Atomic Bomb Casualty CouncilHiroshimaJapan
  6. 6.Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Regenerative and Transplant MedicineNiigata University Graduate School of Medicine and Dental SciencesNiigataJapan
  7. 7.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyHori HospitalYokohamaJapan
  8. 8.Research Institute and Practice for Involutional DiseasesAzuminoJapan
  9. 9.School of Health ScienceTottori University Faculty of MedicineYonagoJapan
  10. 10.Department of Clinical Research and DevelopmentNational Center for Geriatrics and GerontologyObuJapan
  11. 11.Clinical Medical Research CenterWomen’s Medical Center of Sanno Medical CenterTokyoJapan
  12. 12.Division of Hematology and OncologyIndiana University School of MedicineIndianapolisUSA
  13. 13.Department of Radiological TechnologyKawasaki College of Allied Health ProfessionsKurashikiJapan

Personalised recommendations