Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 709–716

Identification of genes for bone mineral density variation by computational disease gene identification strategy

  • Gloria H. Y. Li
  • Hong-Wen Deng
  • Annie W. C. Kung
  • Qing-Yang Huang
Original Article

Abstract

We previously used five freely available bioinformatics tools (Prioritizer, Geneseeker, PROSPECTR and SUSPECTS, Disease Gene Prediction, and Endeavour) to analyze the thirteen well-replicated osteoporosis susceptibility loci and identify a subset of most likely candidate osteoporosis susceptibility genes (Huang et al. in J Hum Genet 53:644–655, 2008). In the current study, we experimentally tested the association between bone mineral density (BMD) and the 9 most likely candidate genes [LAMC2(1q25-q31), MATN3(2p24-p23), ITGAV(2q31-q32), ACVR1(2q23-q24), TDGF1(3p21.31), EGF(4q25), IGF1(12q22-q23), ZIC2(13q32), BMP2(20p12)] which were pinpointed by 4 or more bioinformatics tools. Forty tag SNPs in nine candidate genes were genotyped in a southern Chinese female case–control cohort consisting of 1643 subjects. Single- and multi-marker association analyses were performed using logistic regression analysis implemented by PLINK. Potential transcription factor binding sites were predicted by MatInspector. The strongest association was observed between rs10178256 (MATN3) and trochanter (P < 0.001) and total hip BMD (P = 0.002). The SNP rs6214 (IGF1) showed consistent association with BMD at all the four measured skeletal sites (P = 0.005–0.044). Prediction of transcription factor binding suggested that the minor allele G of rs10178256 might abolish the binding of MESP1 and MESP2 which play vital roles in bone homeostasis, whereas the minor allele G of rs6214 might create an additional binding site for XBP1, a constitutive regulator of endoplasmic reticulum stress response. Our data suggested that variants in MATN3 and IGF1 were involved in BMD regulation in southern Chinese women.

Keywords

Genetics Osteoporosis Bone mineral density Association MATN3 

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gloria H. Y. Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hong-Wen Deng
    • 3
  • Annie W. C. Kung
    • 2
  • Qing-Yang Huang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Hubei Key Lab of Genetic Regulation and Integrative Biology, College of Life ScienceCentral China Normal UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Li Ka Shing Faculty of MedicineThe University of Hong KongHong KongChina
  3. 3.Departments of Orthopedic Surgery and Basic Medical SciencesUniversity of Missouri-Kansas CityKansas CityUSA

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