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Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism

, Volume 28, Issue 5, pp 568–577 | Cite as

Effect of office-based brief high-impact exercise on bone mineral density in healthy premenopausal women: the Sendai Bone Health Concept Study

  • Kaijun Niu
  • Riikka Ahola
  • Hui Guo
  • Raija Korpelainen
  • Jin Uchimaru
  • Aki Vainionpää
  • Kyoko Sato
  • Aiko Sakai
  • Sinikka Salo
  • Koshi Kishimoto
  • Eiji Itoi
  • Shoko Komatsu
  • Timo Jämsä
  • Ryoichi NagatomiEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Although there is ample evidence supporting the effectiveness of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, there are no previous studies to examine the effect of office-based brief high-impact exercise (HIE) on bone mineral density (BMD) in healthy premenopausal women. This study evaluated the effects of office-based HIE on BMD in healthy premenopausal Japanese women. Ninety-one healthy premenopausal women were randomized to receive stretching exercise (SE) or HIE (stretching, along with up to 5 × 10 vertical and versatile jumps) for 12 months. The BMD of the lumbar spine and proximal femur was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Several cardiovascular risk factors and leg strength also were assessed. An accelerometer-based recorder was used to measure daily impact loading in four 1-week samples. The progression of the HIE program was ensured by the accelerometer. Thirty-three women (71.7%) in the SE group and 34 (75.6%) in the HIE group completed the study. There was a significant difference in the change in the femoral neck BMD between the groups in favor of the HIE group [0.6% (95% CI: −0.4, 1.7) vs. −1.0% (95% CI: −2.2, 0.2)]. Adiponectin, LDL, HDL, and the leg strength of participants in both the groups improved during the intervention. These finding suggested that office-based brief HIE can be recommended for premenopausal women for preventing bone mineral loss.

Keywords

Osteoporosis Impact exercise Bone mineral density Accelerometer 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge all the women who participated in the study, the exercise instructors, and NTT Solco for the possibility to perform the study. We thank Erkki Vihriälä for providing technical assistance in the accelerometric measurements and Newtest Ltd. for providing the bone exercise recorders. The study was financially supported by the Sendai Industrial Promotion Organization and Oulu Innovation Ltd. RA was supported by the Academy of Finland and the National Graduate School of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Biomaterials. TJ was supported by the Academy of Finland.

Conflict of interest

Doctors Korpelainen, Vainionpää, and Jämsä have a patent application with Newtest Ltd. Doctor Jämsä is also a minor shareholder of Newtest Ltd.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaijun Niu
    • 1
  • Riikka Ahola
    • 2
  • Hui Guo
    • 1
  • Raija Korpelainen
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jin Uchimaru
    • 5
  • Aki Vainionpää
    • 2
    • 6
  • Kyoko Sato
    • 5
  • Aiko Sakai
    • 7
  • Sinikka Salo
    • 2
    • 7
  • Koshi Kishimoto
    • 8
  • Eiji Itoi
    • 8
  • Shoko Komatsu
    • 5
  • Timo Jämsä
    • 2
    • 9
  • Ryoichi Nagatomi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of Biomedical Engineering for Health and WelfareTohoku University Graduate School of Biomedical EngineeringSendaiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Medical TechnologyUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  3. 3.Department of Sports and Exercise MedicineDeaconess Institute of OuluOuluFinland
  4. 4.Unit of General Practice, Institute of Health SciencesUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  5. 5.Faculty of Sports ScienceSendai UniversitySendaiJapan
  6. 6.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationSeinäjoki Central HospitalSeinäjokiFinland
  7. 7.Sendai Finland Wellbeing CenterSendaiJapan
  8. 8.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryTohoku University Graduate School of MedicineSendaiJapan
  9. 9.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyOulu University HospitalOuluFinland

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