Age curves of bone mineral density at the distal radius and calcaneus in Koreans

  • Jin-Young Min
  • Kyoung-Bok Min
  • Domyung Paek
  • Daehee Kang
  • Sung-Il ChoEmail author
Original Article


This study evaluated age-related changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and identified the peak bone mineral density (PBMD) in Koreans. We recruited 2929 subjects, ranging in age from 5 to 86 years, from three regions: Seoul, Siwha, and Gwangyang. The BMD at the distal radius and calcaneus were measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and anthropometric measures were also obtained. PBMD was calculated from the highest mean in each age group. The PBMD at the distal radius was 0.514 ± 0.06 g/cm2 in females and 0.598 ± 0.07 g/cm2 in males. Peak ages for both sexes were the thirties. For the calcaneus, PBMD was 0.509 ± 0.09 g/cm2 in females and 0.629 ± 0.09 g/cm2 in males. Peak ages were the thirties for females and the twenties for males. These results could facilitate international or interracial comparisons and be used as reference data to screen for osteoporosis in Koreans.


Bone mineral density Calcaneus Distal radius DXA Korean 



This study was funded by Ministry of Environment, Ecotechnopia Project. This study was supported by the BK21 Program.


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society for Bone and Mineral Research and Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jin-Young Min
    • 1
  • Kyoung-Bok Min
    • 2
  • Domyung Paek
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daehee Kang
    • 3
  • Sung-Il Cho
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Institute of Health and EnvironmentSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Occupational and Environmental MedicineAjou University School of MedicineSuwonRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Cancer Research InstituteSeoul National University College of MedicineSeoulRepublic of Korea

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