Ship underwater noise assessment by the Acoustic Analogy part II: hydroacoustic analysis of a ship scaled model
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In this paper the Acoustic Analogy is used to predict the underwater noise from a complete scaled ship model in a steady course. The numerical investigation is performed by coupling an incompressible RANS code, equipped with a level-set approach to account for the fundamental time evolution of the free surface, to a FWH-based hydroacoustic solver, here suitably designed to manage the huge set of data coming from a full-unsteady hydrodynamic simulation. The results reveal the overall limited contribution from the propeller thickness and loading noise components and the fundamental one from the nonlinear quadrupole sources. The comparison between the hydrodynamic and hydroacoustic solutions point out the noticeable scattering effects due to the hull surface, the possible influence of sound refractions at the free surface and, above all, the leading role played by the turbulent fluctuating component of the velocity field. Finally, by computing the pressure time histories at a prescribed set of virtual hydrophones and turning them into the frequency domain, the ship noise footprint in dB is traced out, thus showing how the Acoustic Analogy can be effectively used to analyze the ship hydroacoustic behavior, both in terms of amplitude and directivity.
KeywordsHydroacoustics Underwater noise Acoustic Analogy
This work was developed within the frame of the collaborative Research project SILENV (Ships oriented Innovative soLutions to rEduce Noise & Vibrations, funded by the EU in the Call FP7-SST-2008-RTD-1. Grant Agreement SCP8-GA-2009-234182) and partially funded by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research through the research project RITMARE. The authors also wish to thank Dr. Mario Felli for his support in providing the experimental data used to validate the RANS hydrodynamic calculations.
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